Distinguished Professor, Family Medicine and Public Health
University of California, San Diego

Back to measures



Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS)


The Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) was developed to collect audit data on the pedestrian environment and walkability in neighborhoods.

Main Citations

Kelli L. Cain, Rachel A. Millstein, James F. Sallis, Terry L. Conway, Kavita A. Gavand, Lawrence D. Frank, Brian E. Saelens, Carrie M. Geremia, James Chapman, Marc A. Adams, Karen Glanz, Abby C. King, Contribution of Streetscape Audits to Explanation of Physical Activity in Four Age Groups Based on the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS), Social Science & Medicine, 2014, 116, 82-92. Link

Millstein, R.A., Cain, K.L., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Geremia, C., Frank, L.D., Chapman, J., Van Dyck, D., Dipzinski, L.R., Kerr, J., Glanz, K., Saelens, B.E. (2013) Development, scoring and reliability of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS). BMC Public Health,13:403. Link

Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Gavand, K., Millstein, R.A., Geremia, C.M., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., and King, A.C. (2015). Is your neighborhood designed to support physical activity? A brief streetscape audit tool. Preventing Chronic Disease, 12:150098. Posted online September 3, 2015. Link 



MAPS Full Comprehensive Manual



MAPS Full Survey




MAPS Full Person/Route-level aggregation syntax

    MAPS Full Recodes and Subscale creation syntax
    MAPS Full Reliability Tables: Route
    MAPS Full Reliability Tables: Segment
    MAPS Full Reliability Tables: Crossing
    MAPS Full Reliability Tables: Cul-de-Sac

MAPS Full Data Dictionarymaps full data dict

    MAPS Abbreviated Survey

MAPS Abbreviated Protocol and Picture Guide

    MAPS Abbreviated Data Dictionary
maps full data dict
    MAPS Mini Survey
    MAPS Mini Data Dictionary

MAPS Mini Protocol and Picture Guide



MAPS Global Tool



MAPS Global Abstract




Back to measures