Distinguished Professor, Family Medicine and Public Health
University of California, San Diego


 

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> Project publications  
  ASAP: Accelerating School Activity Promotion  
  ACT: Activity Counseling Trial  
  Active Where?  
  ALR: Active Living Research (Active Living Policy and Environmental Studies (ALPES) prior to May 2003)  
  Amherst Youth Physical Activity Study  
  CicloSDias  
  GRAD: Graduate Ready for Activity Daily  
  IPAQ: International Physical Activity Questionnaire and International Physical Activity Prevalence Study  
  IPEN: International Physical Activity and Environment Network Adolescent Studies  
  IPEN: International Physical Activity and Environment Network Adult Studies  
  MSPAN: Middle School Physical Activity and Nutrition  
  NEMS: Nutrition Environment Measurement Survey and BEAT Institute: Built Environment Assessment Training Institute  
  NIK: Neighborhood Impact on Kids  
  NQLS: Neighborhood Quality of Life Study  
  PACE: Patient-Centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise (and Nutrition)  
  Project WALK  
  Proyecto Juarez and Healthy Generations  
  San Diego Family Health Project  
  San Diego Health and Exercise Project  
  SCAN: Studies of Children’s Activity and Nutrition  
  School and Community Physical Activity Studies supported by The California Endowment  
  S-NQLS: Neighborhood Quality of Life Study for Seniors  
  SPARK: Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids  
  TAAG: Trial of Activity in Adolescent Girls  
  TEAN: Teen Environment and Neighborhood Study  
 
  Accelerating School Activity Promotion: ASAP  
    Physical Education Matters. Policy brief funded by The California Endowment. January 2007.  
   
  ACT: Activity Counseling Trial  
    King, A.C., Sallis, J.F., Dunn, A.L., Simons-Morton, D.G., Albright, C.A., Cohen, S., Rejeski, J.W., Marcus, B.H., and Coday, M.C. for the Activity Counseling Trial Research Group. (1998). Overview of the Activity Counseling Trial (ACT) intervention for promoting physical activity in primary health care settings. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30, 1086-1096.  
       
    Rejeski, W.J., Reboussin, B.A., Dunn, A.L., King, A.C., & Sallis, J.F. (1999). A modified exercise-induced feeling inventory for chronic training and baseline profiles of participants in the Activity Counseling Trial. Journal of Health Psychology,4 , 97-108.  
       
    Albright, C.L., Cohen, S., Gibbons, L., Miller, S., Marcus, B., Sallis, J., Imai, K., Jernick, J., and Simons-Morton, D.G. (2000). Incorporating physical activity advice into primary care: Physician-delivered advice within the Activity Counseling Trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18, 225-234.  
       
    Reboussin, B.A., Rejeski, W.J., Martin, K.A., Callahan, K., Dunn, A.L., King, A.C., & Sallis, J.F. for the Activity Counseling Trial Research Group. (2000). Correlates of satisfaction with body function and body appearance in middle and older aged adults: The Activity Counseling Trial (ACT). Psychology and Health, 15 , 239-254.  
       
    Rejeski, W.J., Shelton, B., Miller, M., Dunn, A.L., King, A.C., and Sallis, J.F. (2001). Mediators of increased physical activity and change in subjective well-being: Results from the Activity Counseling Trial (ACT). Journal of Health Psychology, 6, 159-168.  
       
    King, A.C., Marcus, B., Ahn, D., Dunn, A.L., Rejeski, W.J., Sallis, J.F., and Coday, M. (2006). Identifying subgroups that succeed or fail with three levels of physical activity intervention: The Activity Counseling Trial. Health Psychology , 25, 336-347.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., King, A.C., Sirard, J.R., and Albright, C.L. (2007). Perceived environmental predictors of physical activity over 6 months in adults: Activity Counseling Trial. Health Psychology, 26, 691-710.  
       
    Baruth, M., Wilcox, S., Dunn, A.L., King, A.C., Marcus, B.H., Rejeski, W.J., Sallis, J.F., and Blair, S.N.  (2010). Psychosocial mediators of physical activity and fitness changes in the Activity Counseling Trial.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 39, 274-289.  
       
    Baruth, M., Wilcox, S., Sallis, J.F., King, A.C., Marcus, B.H., and Blair, S.N.  (2011). Changes in CVD risk factors at 6 and 24 months in the Activity Counseling Trial.  International Journal of General Medicine, 4, 53-62.  DOI: 10.2147/IJGM.S15686.   
 
  ALR: Active Living Research (Active Living Policy and Environmental Studies (ALPES) prior to May 2003)
    Sallis, J.F., Kraft, K., and Linton, L.S.  (2002). How the environment shapes physical activity: A transdisciplinary research agenda.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 22, 208. (commentary)  
       
    Saelens, B., Sallis, J., and Frank, L. (2003). Transportation, human health, and physical activity. Resource paper for Environmental Research Needs in Transportation, Conference Proceedings 28. Transportation Research Board: Washington, DC, pp.185-194.  
       
    Sallis, J.F. (2003). New thinking on older adults’ physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 25 (supplement 3ii), 110-111.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Kraft, M.K. (2004). Active transportation and physical activity: Opportunities for collaboration on transportation and public health research. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 38, 249-268.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., and Orleans, C.T. (2004). Ecological models: Application to physical activity. In N.B. Anderson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Health and Behavior, Vol 1. Thousand Oaks: Sage.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Vernez Moudon, A., Linton, L.S., and Powell, K.E. Guest editors, Active Living Research Supplement to American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Volume 28, Number 2, Supplement 2, February 2005.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Linton, L.S., and Kraft, M.K. (2005). The first Active Living Research conference: Growth of a transdisciplinary field. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28 (No. 2, Suppl. 2), 93-95.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., and Linton, L.S. (2005). Leisure research, active lifestyles, and public health. Leisure Sciences, 27, 353-354. (commentary)  
       
    Kraft, M.K., Sallis, J.F., Vernez Moudon, A., and Linton, L.S. (2006). The second Active Living Research conference: Signs of maturity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 3 (Suppl. 2), S1-S5.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Cervero, R.B., Ascher, W., Henderson, K.A., Kraft, M.K., and Kerr, J. (2006). An ecological approach to creating more physically active communities. Annual Review of Public Health, 27, 297-322.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., and Glanz, K. (2006). The role of built environments in physical activity, eating, and obesity in childhood. The Future of Children, 16(1), 89-108.  
       
    King, A.C., Toobert, D., Ahn, D., Resnicow, K., Coday, M., Riebe, D., Garber, C.E., Hurtz, S., Morton, J., and Sallis, J.F. (2006). Perceived environments as physical activity correlates and moderators of interventions in five studies. American Journal of Health Promotion, 21, 24-35.  
       
    Marcus, B.H., Williams, D.M., Dubbert, P.M., Sallis, J.F., King, A.C., Yancey, A.K., Franklin, B.A., Buchner, D., Daniels, S.R., and Claytor, R.P. (2006). Physical activity intervention studies: What we know and what we need to know. Circulation, 114, 2739-275.  
       
    Barlow, S., and the Expert Committee. (2007). Expert committee recommendations on the assessment, prevention, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: Summary report. Pediatrics, 120, S254-S288.  
       
    Sallis, J.F. (2008). Angels in the details: Comment on “The relationship between destination proximity, destination mix and physical activity behaviours.” Preventive Medicine, 48, 6-7.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and Fisher, E.B. (2008). Ecological models of health behavior. Pp. 465-486. In K. Glanz, B.K. Rimer, and K. Viswanath (Eds.), Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4th Edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Linton, L.S., Kraft, M.K., Cutter, C.L., Kerr, J., Weitzel, J., Wilson, A., Spoon, C., Harrison, I.D., Cervero, R., Patrick, K., Scmid, T., and Pratt, M. (2009). The Active Living Research Program: Six years of grantmaking. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36 (2Suppl.2), S10-S21.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Story, M., and Lou, D. (2009). Study designs and analytic strategies for environmental and policy research on obesity, physical activity, and diet: Recommendations from a meeting of experts.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36 (2 Suppl. 2), S72-S77.   
       
    Schilling, J.M., Giles-Corti, B., and Sallis, J.F.  (2009). Connecting Active Living Research and public policy: Transdisciplinary research and policy interventions to increase physical activity.  Journal of Public Health Policy, 30 (Suppl.1), S1-S15.   
       
    Sallis, J.F.  (2009). Measuring physical activity environments: A brief history.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36 (4, suppl 1), S86-S92.  DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.002  
       
    Brownson, R.C., Hoehner, C.M., Day, K., Forsyth, A., and Sallis, J.F. (2009). Measuring the built environment for physical activity: State of the science. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36 (4, suppl 1), S99-S123.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., and Glanz, K.  (2009). The physical activity environment and food environments: Toward solutions to the obesity epidemic.  The Milbank Quarterly, 87, 123-154.   
       
    Sallis, J.F., Rosenberg, D., and Kerr, J.  (2009). Early physical activity , sedentary behavior, and dietary patterns.  Pp. 37-57.  In L.J. Heinberg and J.K. Thompson (Eds.), Obesity in Youth: Causes, Consequences, and Cures. Washington, DC:  American Psychological Association.   
       
    Yancey, A.K., and Sallis, J.F.  (2009). Physical activity: Cinderella or Rodney Dangerfield?  Preventive Medicine, 49, 277-279.  Editorial for theme issue: Forum on Physical Activity Research and Funding.  
       
    King, A.C., and Sallis, J.F.  (2009).  Why and how to improve physical activity promotion: Lessons from behavioral science and related fields.  Preventive Medicine, 49, 286-288.  Invited commentary.  
       
    Story, M., Sallis, J.F., and Orleans, C.T.  (2009). Adolescent obesity: Towards evidence-based policy and environmental solutions.  Journal of Adolescent Health, 45, S1-S5.  (editorial)  
       
    Lee, S.M., Sallis, J.F., and Biddle, S.J.H.  (2010). Active communities for youth and families: Using research to create momentum for change.  Preventive Medicine, 50(supplement), S3-S5.  
       
    Carnoske, C., Hoehner, C., Ruthmann, N., Frank, L., Handy, S., Hill, J., Ryan, S., Sallis, J., Glanz, K., and Brownson, R.  (2010). Developer and realtor perspectives on the factors that influence development, sales, and perceived demand for activity-friendly communities.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7(Suppl 1), S48-S59.  
       
    Fullilove, M., Lee, C., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Engaging communities to create active living environments.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 8 (suppl 1), S1-S4.  
       
    Sallis, J.F.  (2010). We do not have to sacrifice children’s health to achieve academic goals.  Journal of Pediatrics, 156, 696-697. download  
       
    Millstein, R.A., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Youth advocacy for obesity prevention: The next wave of social change for health.  Translational Behavioral Medicine: Practice, Policy, Research, 1(3), 497-505.  Published online July 2011; DOI: 10.1007/s13142-011-0060-0.  
       
    Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Lee, S., and Rosenberg, D.E.  (2011). Neighborhood environment and physical activity among youth: A review.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41, 442-455. download  
       
    Zhu, X., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Designing for healthy communities: Active living and comprehensive community development. Journal of the Institute for Comprehensive Community Development, 2(2), 9-20.  download  
       
    Zhu, X., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). State of practice in designing for healthy communities. Journal of the Institute for Comprehensive Community Development, 2(2), 21-24.download  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Millstein, R.A., and Carlson, J.A.  (2011). Community design for physical activity.  pp. 33-49.  In A.L. Dannenberg, H. Frumkin, & R.J. Jackson, eds.  Making Healthy Places: Designing and Building for Health, Well-Being, and Sustainability.  Washington, DC: Island.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Adams, M.A., and Ding, D.  (2011). Physical activity and the built environment.  pp. 433-451.  In J. Cawley, ed.  The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity.  New York: Oxford.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Floyd, M.F., Rodriguez, D.A., and Saelens, B.E.  (2012).  The role of built environments in physical activity, obesity, and CVD.  Circulation, 125, 729-737.  
       
    Mendoza, J.A., Salmon, J., and Sallis, J.F. (2012). Partnerships for progress in active living: From research to action. Health & Place, 18(1), 1-4.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Carlson, J.A, and Mignano, A.M. (2012).  Promoting youth physical activity through physical education and after-school programs. Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, 23(3),493-510. (Invited review)  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Chriqui, J.F., Schneider, L., McDermid, L.C., and Agron, P.  (2013).  State policies about physical activity minutes in physical education or during the school day. Journal of School Health, 83(3), 150-156.  download
Research brief on this paper:download
 
       
    Sallis, J.F., Carlson, J.A., Mignano, A.M., Lemes, A., and Wagner, N. (2013). Trends in presentations of environmental and policy studies related to physical activity, nutrition, and obesity at Society of Behavioral Medicine, 1995-2010: A commentary to accompany the Active Living Research Suppment to Annals of Behavioral Medicine.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45(1, suppl 1), 14-17. download  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Cutter, C.L., Lou, D., Spoon, C., Wilson, A.L., Ding, D., Ponkshe, P., Cervero, R. Patrick, K., Schmid, T.L., Mignano, A., and Orleans, C.T. (2014).  Active Living Research: Creating and using evidence to support childhood obesity prevention. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 46(2), 195-207. Accompanied by evaluation of ALR-2 that is available through open access: download

 
       
    Whitt-Glover, M.C., Bennett, G., and Sallis, J.F.  (2013).  Introduction to the Active Living Research supplement: Disparities in environments and policies that support active living. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45(1, suppl 1), 1-5.  
       
    Sallis, J.F. Commentary in "Notes from the field: Planting, nurturing, and watching things grow."  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 45, 696-697. (One of several invited commentaries on the end of Kevin Patrick's editorship of AJPM.)  
       
    Sallis, J.F. Increasing activity, fitness worth the effort. One of several commentaries on "How to get California kids physically fit?"  California Healthcare Foundation online Think Tank. Posted December 4, 2014. download  
       
    Economos, C.D., Sallis, J.F., Keith, N.R., and Newkirk, J. (2014). The Active Living Research 2013 Conference: Achieving change across sectors: Integrating research, policy, and practice. American Journal of Health Promotion, 28(3 suppl), S1-S4.  download   
       
    Engelberg, J.K., Carlson, J.A., Black, M.L., Ryan, S., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Ciclovia participation in San Diego, CA: The first CicloSDias. Preventive Medicine, 69 (suppl.), S66-S73.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Spoon, C., Cavill, N., Engelberg, J., Gebel, K., Lou, D., Parker, M., Thornton, C.M., Wilson, A.L., Cutter, C., and Ding, D. (2015). Co-benefits of designing communities for active living: An exploration of literature. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12: 30. DOI 10.1186/s12966-015-0188-2. download Longer report, data tables, slides: download  
       
    Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., and Saelens, B.E. (2015). Advances in physical activity and nutrition environment assessment tools and applications: Recommendations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(5), 615-619. download  
       
    Jakicic, J.M., Sox, H., Blair, S.N., Bensink, M., Johnson, W.G., King, A.C., Lee, I.-M., Nahum-Shani, I., Sallis, J.F., Sallis, R.E., Craft, L., Whitehead, J.R., and Ainsworth, A.E.  (2015). Comparative effectiveness research: A roadmap for physical activity and healthy lifestyles. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(8), 1747-1754. [Epub ahead of print: November 25, 2014]. PMID: 25426735.  
       
   

Sallis, J.F., and Owen, N. (2015). Ecological models of health behavior. pp. 43-64. In K. Glanz, B. Rimer, & V. Viswanath (Eds.), Health behavior: Theory, research & practice (5th Ed.). San Francisco:  Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer. download

 
       
    Sallis, J.F., and Carlson, J.A. (2015). Physical activity: Numerous benefits and effective interventions. pp. 169-184. In R.M. Kaplan, M.L. Spittel, and D.H. David, eds. Population health: Behavioral and social science insights. US Government Printing Office: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2015.  AHRQ Publication No. 15-002. download  
       
    My presentation on building physical and social environments for physical activity in high-risk communities was summarized in: Breiner, H., Parker, L., & Olson, S. (rapporteurs) (2014). Creating equal opportunities for a healthy weight: Workshop summary. National Academies Press: Washington, DC, pages 15-16.  
       
   

Pollack, K.M., Gonzalez, E.R., Hager, E.R., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). The Active Living Research 2014 Conference: "Niche to norm". Preventive Medicine, 69 (suppl.), S1-S4. (Guest Editor commentary).

 
       
    Sallis, J.F. International innovations in physical activity promotion. A summary of my presentation, published in a Summary Report. Building a Culture of Health: Lessons Learned from Global Efforts: Case Study of Childhood Obesity. Co-sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research. February 2015. download  
       
    Sallis, J.F. (2015). Advancing systems thinking through the Healthy Kids Healthy Communities evaluation. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 21(3, suppl), S88-S89. (invited commentary).  
       
    My presentation on "Blueprint for active living communities: Innovative solutions" was summarized in the Institute of Medicine Workshop Summary. (2015). Physical Activity: Moving Toward Obesity Solutions. National Academies Press: Washington, DC, pages 94-98.  
       
    Rodriguez, D.A., Lounsbery, M.A.F., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). The Active Living Research 2015 conference: The science of policy implementation. Environment and Behavior, 48(1), 4-12. (Guest Editor commentary). download  
    Millstein, R.A., Woodruff, S.I., Linton, L., Edwards, C., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). A pilot study evaluating the effects of a youth advocacy program on youth readiness to advocate for environment and policy changes for obesity prevention. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 6(4), 648-658. DOI: 10.1007/s13142-016-0408-6. Published online June 2, 2016. download  
       
    Ward, D.S., Welker, E., Choate, A., Henderson, K.E., Lott, M., Tovar, A., Wilson, A., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Strength of obesity prevention interventions in early care and education settings: A systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 95, S37-S52.  
       
    Sallis, J. F. (2017). Changing physical activity environments. In K.D. Brownell and B.T. Walsh, eds. Eating disorders and obesity: A comprehensive handbook, 3rd edition. pp. 645-649. New York: Guilford.  
       
    Carlson, J.A., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Environment and policy interventions. In W. Zhu and N. Owen (Eds.), Sedentary Behavior and Health: Concepts, Assessments, and Interventions. pp. 285-295, 409-410. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.  
       
    Carlson, J., Dean, K., and Sallis, J. (2017). Measures registry user guide: Physical activity environment. National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research: Washington, DC.  
       
    Keith, N.R., Baskin, M.L., Wilhelm Stanis, S.A., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). The 2016 Active Living Research Conference: Equity in active living. Preventive Medicine, 95 (suppl.), S1-S3.  
     
  Active Where?  
    Rosenberg, D., Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Norman, G.J., Durant, N., Harris, S.K., and Saelens, B.E. (2009). Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y): Reliability and relationship with physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 49, 213-218.  
       
    Durant, N., Kerr, J., Harris, S.K, Saelens, B.E., Norman, G.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2009). Environmental and safety barriers to youth physical activity in parks and streets: Reliability and validity. Pediatric Exercise Science, 21, 86-99.  
       
    Forman, H., Kerr, J., Norman, G., Saelens, B., Durant, N., Harris, S., Sallis, J. (2008). Reliability and Validity of destination-specific barriers to walking and cycling for parents and adolescents. Preventive Medicine, 46 (4), 311-316.  
       
    Grow, H.M., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Durant, N.H., Norman, G.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2008).   Where are youth active? Roles of proximity, active transport, and built environment. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40, 2071-2079.  
       
    Durant, N., Harris, S.K., Doyle, S., Person, S., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Norman, G.J., and Sallis, J.F.  (2009). Relation of school environment and policy to adolescent physical activity.  Journal of School Health, 79, 153-159.  
       
    Rosenberg, D., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Maher, J., Norman, G.J., Durant, N., Harris, S.K., and Saelens, B.E.  (2010). Brief scales to assess physical activity and sedentary equipment in the home.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, 10. link  
       
    Millstein, R.A., Strobel, J., Kerr, J., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., Durant, N., Harris, S., and Saelens, B.E. (2011). Home, school, and neighborhood environment factors and youth physical activity. Pediatric Exercise Science, 23(4), 487-503. link  
       
    Ding, D., Bracy, N.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Norman, G.J., Harris, S.K., Durant, N., Rosenberg, D., and Kerr, J. (2012).  Is fear of strangers related to physical activity among youth?  American Journal of Health Promotion, 26(3), 189-195.  
       
    Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., Saelens, B.E., Harris, S.K., Kerr, J., Rosenberg, D., Durant, N., and Glanz, K.  (2012).  Community food environment, home food environment, and fruit and vegetable intake of children and adolescents.  Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 44, 634-638.  doi:10.1016/j.jneb.2010.07.003.  
     
  Amherst Youth Physical Activity Study  
    Trost, S.G., Pate, R.R., Freedson, P.S., Sallis, J.F., and Taylor, W.C. (2000). Using objective physical activity measures with youth: How many days of monitoring are needed? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32, 426-431.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Taylor, W.C., Dowda, M., Freedson, P.S., and Pate, R.R. (2002). Correlates of vigorous physical activity for children in grades 1 through 12:  Comparing parent-reported and objectively measured physical activity.  Pediatric Exercise Science, 14, 30-44.    
       
    Trost, S.G., Pate, R.R., Sallis, J.F., Freedson, P.S., Taylor, W.C., Dowda, M., and Sirard, J.  (2002). Age and gender differences in objectively measured physical activity in youth.  Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34, 350-355.  
       
    Pate, R.R., Freedson, P.S., Sallis, J.F., Taylor, W.C., Sirard, J., Trost, S.G., and Dowda, M. (2002). Compliance with physical activity guidelines: Prevalence in a population of children and youth. Annals of Epidemiology, 12, 303-308.  
       
    Taylor, W.C., Sallis, J.F., Dowda, M., Freedson, P.S., Eason, K., and Pate, R.R. (2002). Activity patterns and correlates among youth: Differences by weight status. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14, 418-431.  
       
    Trost, S.G., Sallis, J.F., Pate, R.R., Freedson, P.S., Taylor, W.C., and Dowda, M. (2003). Evaluating a model of parental influence on youth physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 25, 277-282.  
       
    Dowda, M., Pate, R.R., Sallis, J.F., Freedson, P.S., Taylor, W.C., Sirard, J.R., and Trost, S.G. (2007). Agreement between student-reported and proxy-reported physical activity questionnaires. Pediatric Exercise Science, 19, 310-318.  
   
  CicloSDias  
    Evaluation of San Diego's First Open Streets CicloSDias Eventciclosdias  
   
  GRAD: Graduate Ready for Activity Daily  
    Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., Lovato, C.Y., and Campbell, J. (1994). Physical activity and its determinants before and after college graduation. Medicine, Exercise, Nutrition, and Health, 3, 323-334.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Johnson, M.F., Calfas, K.J., Caparosa, S., and Nichols, J. (1997). Assessing perceived physical environment variables that may influence physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 345-351.  
       
    Sarkin, J.A., Marshall, S.J., Larson, K.A., Calfas, K.J., and Sallis, J.F. (1998). A comparison of methods of recruitment to a health promotion program for university seniors. Preventive Medicine, 27 , 562-571.  
       
    Johnson, M.F., Nichols, J.F., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Hovell, M.F. (1998). Interrelationships between physical activity and other health behaviors among university women and men. Preventive Medicine, 27, 536-544.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Nichols, J.F., Sarkin, J.A., Johnson, M.F., Caparosa, S., Thompson, S., and Alcaraz, J.E. (1999). Evaluation of a university course to promote physical activity: Project GRAD. Research Quarterly for Exercise for Sport, 70, 1-10.  
       
    Williams, C.D., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Burke, R.S. (1999). Psychosocial correlates of television viewing. American Journal of Health Promotion, 13, 207-214.  
       
    Nichols, J.F., Morgan, C.G., Sarkin, J.A., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K.J. (1999). Validity, reliability, and calibration of the Tritrac accelerometer as a measure of physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31, 908-912.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Alcaraz, J.E., Gehrman, C., and Johnson, M.F. (1999). Potential mediators of change in a physical activity promotion course for university students: Project GRAD. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 21, 149-158.  
       
    Sarkin, J.A., Nichols, J.F., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K.J. (2000). Self-report measures and scoring protocols affect prevalence estimates of meeting physical activity guidelines. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32, 149-156.  
       
    Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., Nichols, J.F., Sarkin, J.A., Johnson, M.F., Caparosa, S., Thompson, S., Gehrman, C.A., and Alcaraz, J.E. (2000). Project GRAD: Two-year outcomes of a randomized controlled physical activity intervention among young adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18, 28-37.  
       
    Nichols, J.F., Morgan, C.G., Chabot, L.E., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K.J. (2000). Assessment of physical activity with the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. accelerometer: Laboratory versus field validation. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71, 36-43.  
       
    Nichols, J.F., Wellman, E., Caparosa, S., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Rowe, R. (2000). Impact of a worksite behavioral skills intervention. American Journal of Health Promotion, 14, 218-221.  
       
    Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., Sarkin, J.A., and Calfas, K.J. (2000). Examination of the factor structure of physical activity behaviors. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 53, 866-874.  
       
    Saelens, B.E., Gehrman, C.A., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Sarkin, J.A., and Caparosa, S. (2000). Use of self-management strategies in a 2-year cognitive-behavioral intervention to promote physical activity. Behavior Therapy, 31, 365-379.  
       
    Zabinski, M.F., Calfas, K.J., Gehrman, C.A., Wilfley, D.E., and Sallis, J.F.  (2001). Effects of a physical activity intervention on body image in university seniors: Project GRAD.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 23, 247-252.   
       
    Hayden-Wade, H.A., Coleman, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Armstrong, C. (2003). Validation of the telephone and in-person interview versions of the 7-day PAR. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35, 801-809.  
       
    Leslie, E., Johnson-Kozlow, M., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and Bauman, A. (2003). Reliability of moderate-intensity and vigorous physical activity stage of change measures for young adults. Preventive Medicine, 37, 177-181.  
       
    Johnson-Kozlow, M.F., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K.J. (2004). Does life stress moderate the effects of a physical activity intervention? Psychology and Health, 19, 479-489.  
     
  IPAQ: International Physical Activity Questionnaire and International Physical Activity Prevalence Study  
    Craig, C.L., Marshall, A.L., Sjostrom, M., Bauman, A.E., Booth, M.L., Ainsworth, B.E., Pratt, M., Ekelund, U., Yngve, A., Sallis, J.F., and Oja, P. (2003). International Physical Activity Questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35, 1381-1895.  
       
    Vandelanotte, C., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Philippaerts, R., Sjostrom, M., and Sallis, J. (2005). Reliability and validity of a computerized and Dutch version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2, 63-75.  
       
    Johnson-Kozlow, M., Sallis, J.F., Gilpin, E.A., Rock, C.L., and Pierce, J.P. (2006). Comparative validation of the IPAQ and the 7-day PAR among women diagnosed with breast cancer. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.  
       
    Rosenberg, D.E, Bull, F.C., Marshall, A.L., Sallis, J.F., and Bauman, A.E. (2008). Assessment of sedentary behavior with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 5(Suppl. 1), S30-S44.  
       
    Bergman, P., Grjibovski, A.M., Hagstromer, M., Sallis, J.F., and Sjöström, M.  (2009). The association between health enhancing physical activity and neighbourhood environment among Swedish adults: A population-based cross-sectional study.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6, 8.  doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-8.  
       
    Bauman, A., Bull, F.C., Craig, C.L., Ainsworth, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Bowles, H.R. Hagstromer, M., Sjostrom, M., Pratt, M., and the IPS Group.  (2009). The International Prevalence Study on Physical Activity: Results from 20 countries.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6:21. Posted March 31, 2009.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Bowles, H.R., Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B.E., Bull, F.C., Craig, C.L., Sjöström, M., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Lefevre, J., Matsudo, V., Matsudo, S., Macfarlane, D.J., Gomez, L.F., Inoue, S., Murase, N., Volbekiene, V., McLean, G., Carr, H., Heggebo, L.K., Tomten, H., and Bergman, P.  (2009). Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in 11 countries.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36, 484-490.  
       
    Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B.E., Bull, F., Craig, C.L., Hagstromer, M., Sallis, J.F., Pratt, M., and Sjostrom, M.  (2009). Progress and pitfalls in the use of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [IPAQ] for adult physical activity surveillance.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 5 (suppl. 1), S5-S8.  (invited commentary)  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Carlson, J.A., Norman, G.J., Saelens, B.E., Durant, N., and Ainsworth, B.E.  (2010). Evaluating a brief self-report measure of neighborhood environments for physical activity research and surveillance: Physical activity neighborhood environment scale (PANES).  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7, 533-540.  
       
    Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Hagstromer, M., Craig, C.L., Bull, F.C., Pratt, M., Venugopal, K., Chau, J., Sjostrom, M., and the IPS Group.  (2011). The descriptive epidemiology of sitting: A 20 country comparison using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ).  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41, 228-237.   
       
    Ding, D., Adams, M.A., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., Hovell, M.F., Chambers, C.D., Hofstetter, C.R., Bowles, H.R., Hagstromer, M., Craig, C.L., Gomez, L.F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Macfarlane, D.J., Ainsworth, B.E., Bergman, P., Bull, F.C., Carr, H., Klasson-Heggebo, L., Inoue, S., Murase, N., Matsudo, S., Matsudo, V., McLean, G., Sjostrom, M., Tomten, H., Lefevre, J., Volbekiene, V., and Bauman, A.E. (2013). Perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity in 11 countries: Do associations differ by country?  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10:57. Posted online May 14, 2013. PMCID: PMC3663693.  
       
    Adams, M.A., Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Bowles, H.R., Ainsworth, B.E., Bergman, P., Bull, F.C., Carr, H., Craig, C.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Gomez, L.F., Inoue, S., Heggebo, L.K., Lefevre, J., Macfarlane, D.J., Matsudo, S., Matsudo, V., Murase, N., Sjöström, M., Tomten, H., Volbekiene, V., and Bauman, A.  (2013). Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: A latent class analysis.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10:34. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-34 PMCID:  PMC3615945.  
       
    Cleland, C.L., Hunter, R.F., Kee, F., Cupples, M.E., Sallis, J.F., and Tully, M.A. (2014). Validity of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in assessing levels and change in moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour in Northern Ireland. BMC Public Health, 14:1255 (released online December 10, 2014).  
     
  IPEN: International Physical Activity and Environment Network. Adolescent Studies  
    De Meester, F., Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Sallis, J.F., and Cardon, G. (2012).  Active living neighborhoods: Is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents?  BMC Public Health, 12:7.link  
       
    Oyeyemi, A.L., Kasoma, S.S., Onywera, V.O., Assah, F., Assah, F., Adedoyin, R.A., Conway, T.L., Moss, S.J., Ocansey, R., Kolbe-Alexander, T.L., Akinroye, K.K., Prista, A., Larouche, R., Gavand, K.A., Cain, K.L., Lambert, E.V., Aryeetey, R., Bartels, C., Tremblay, M.S., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). NEWS for Africa: Adaptation and reliability of a built environment questionnaire for physical activity in seven African countries. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity,13:33. DOI: 10.1186/s12966-016-0357-y. link  
       
    Oyeyemi, A.L., Conway, T.L., Adedoyin, R.A., Akinroye, K.K., Aryeetey, R., Assah, F., Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Kasoma, S.S., Kolbe-Alexander, T.L., Lambert, E.V., Larouche, R., Moss, S.J., Ocansey, R., Onywera, V.O., Prista, A., Tremblay, M.S., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Construct validity of the neighborhood environment walkability scale for Africa. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(3), 482-491.  DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001131  
   
  IPEN: International Physical Activity and Environment Network. Adult Studies  
    Van Dyck, D., Cardon, G., Deforche B., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and De Bourdeadhuij, I. (2010). Neighborhood SES and walkability are related to physical activity behavior in Belgian adults. Preventive Medicine, 50, S74-S79.  
       
    Inoue, S., Ohya, Y., Odagiri, Y., Takamiya, T., Ishii, K., Kitabayashi, M., Suijo, K., Sallis, J.F., and Shimomitsu, T. (2010). Association between perceived neighborhood environment and walking among adults in 4 cities in Japan. Journal of Epidemiology, 20, 277-286.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cardon, G., Deforche, B., Owen, N., Sallis, J. F., and De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2010). Neighborhood walkability and sedentary time in Belgian adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 39, 25-32.  
       
    Molina-Garcia, J., Castillo, I., and Sallis, J.F. (2010). Psychosocial and environmental correlates of active commuting for university students. Preventive Medicine 51, 136-138.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Cardon, G., Deforche, B., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and DeBourdeaudhuij, I. (2010). Physical activity as a mediator of the associations between neighborhood walkability and adiposity in Belgian adults. Health and Place, 16, 952-960.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Spence, J.C., Gidlow, C., and Inoue, S. (2010). Latest findings on built environments and physical activity in diverse countries: IPEN. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7 (suppl. 3), S362-S364. (Report of symposium at The Third International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health. Toronto, Canada. May 5-8, 2010)  
       
    Inoue, S., Murase, N., Shimomitsu, T., Ohya, Y., Odagiri, Y., Takamiya, T., Ishii, K., Katsumura, T., and Sallis, J.F.  (2009). Association of physical activity and neighborhood environment among Japanese adults.  Preventive Medicine, 48 (4), 321-325.   
       
    Oyeyemi, A.L., Adegoke, B.O.A., Oyeyemi, A.Y., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity and walking in African young adults.  American Journal of Health Promotion, 25(5), e10-e19.  Online only.  DOI: 10.4278/ajhp.090918-QUAN-304  
       
    Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Hovell, M.F., Du, J., Zheng, M., He, H., and Owen, N.  (2011). Physical activity and sedentary behaviors among rural adults in Suixi, China: A cross-sectional study.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 37.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cardon, G., Deforche, B., Giles-Corti, B., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and De Bourdeaudhuij, I.  (2011). Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer-assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adults.  International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 18, 2350.  
       
    Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Environmental and policy research on physical activity is going global.  Research on Exercise Epidemiology, 13(2), 111-117.  link  
       
    Oyeyemi, A.L., Adegoke, B.O., Oyeyemi, A.Y., Deforche, B., De Bourdeadhuij, I., and Sallis, J.F.  (2012).  Environmental factors associated with overweight among adults in Nigeria. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 32. link  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2012).  Associations between perceived neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behavior: Findings from the USA, Australia, and Belgium. Social Science and Medicine, 74, 1375-1384.  
       
    Oyeyemi, A.L., Adegoke, B.O., Sallis, J.F., Oyeyemi, A.Y., and De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2012). Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria. BMC Public Health, 12, 294.   Published online April 21, 2012. link  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F.  (2012).  Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' transport-related walking and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia, and Belgium. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 70. Posted online June 12, 2012.   link  
       
    Cerin, E.,  Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Kerr, J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Reis, R.S., Sarmiento, O.L., Hinckson, E.A., Salvo, D., Christiansen, L.B., MacFarlane, D.J., Davey, R., Mitas, J., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., and Sallis, J.F. (2013). Sharing good NEWS across the world: Developing comparable scores across 12 countries for the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS). BMC Public Health, 13:309. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-309. PMCID:  PMC3642009.  
       
    Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Adams, M.A., Husak, L.E., and Sallis, J.F.  (2013). Comparison of older and newer generations of ActiGraph accelerometers with the normal filter and low frequency extension. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10:51. (Posted online April 25, 2013). DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-51.  PMCID: PMC3641979.  
       
    Kerr, J., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., DeBourdeaudhuij, I., Cerin, E., Frank, L., Reis, R., Fromel, K., Mitáš, J., Troelsen, J., MacFarlane, D., Salvo, D., Schofield, G., Badland, H., Guileen-Grima, F., Davey, R., Bauman, A., Saelens, B., Riddoch, C., Ainsworth, B., Pratt, M., Schimd, T., Adams, M., Conway, T., Cain, K., Van Dyke, D., and Bracy, N.  (2013).  Advancing science and policy through a coordinated international study of physical activity and built environments: IPEN methods.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 581-601.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Sallis, J.F., Cardon, G., DeForche, B., Adams, M.A., Geremia, C., and De Bourdeaudhui, I. (2013). Associations of neighborhood characteristics with active park use: An observational study in the USA and Belgium. International Journal of Health Geographics, 12:26. PMCID:  PMC3651346.

 
       
    Oyeyemi, A.L., Sallis, J.F., Deforche, B., Oyeyemi, A.Y., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Van Dyck, D. (2013).  Evaluation of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scales in Nigeria.  International Journal of Health Geographics, 12:16.  http://www.ij-healthgeographics.com/content/12/1/16 PMCID:  PMC3606828.  
       
    Oyeyemi, A.L., Deforche, B., Sallis, J.F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Van Dyck, D. (2013). Behavioral mediators of the association between neighborhood environment and weight status in Nigerian adults. American Journal of Health Promotion, 28 (1), 23-31.  
       
    Oyeyemi, A.L., Sallis, J.F., Oyeyemi, A.Y., DeBourdeadhuij, I., Amin, M.M., and Deforche, B. (2013).  Adaptation, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Scale in Nigeria (PANES-N). Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 1079-1090. Posted online December 7, 2012.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2013).  Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' leisure-time physical activity: Findings from Belgium, Australia, and the USA.  Health and Place, 19, 59-68.  
       
    Sugiyama, T., Cerin, E., Owen, N., Oyeyemi, A.L., Conway, T.L., Van Dyck, D., Schipperijn, J., Macfarlane, D.J., Salvo, D., Reis, R.S., Mitáš, J., Sarmiento, O.L., Davey, R., Schofield, G., Orzanco-Garralda, R., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Perceived neighborhood environment attributes associated with adults' recreational walking: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries. Health and Place, 28, 22-30.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., and Sallis, J.F. (2014).  Interacting psychosocial and environmental correlates of leisure-time physical activity: A three-country study. Health Psychology, 33(7), 699-709. Online First Publication, November 18, 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0033516.  
       
    Adams, M.A., Frank, L.D., Schipperijn, J., Smith, G., Chapman, J., Christiansen, L.B., Coffee, N., Salvo, D., du Toit, L., Jan Dygrýn, J., Hino, A.A.F., Lai, P-C., Mavoa, S., Pinzón, J.D., Van de Weghe, N., Cerin, E., Davey, R., Macfarlane, D., Owen, N., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). International variation in neighborhood walkability, transit, and recreation environments using Geographic Information Systems: The IPEN Adult Study. International Journal of Health Geographics, 13:43. doi: 10.1186/1476-072X-13-43.   
       
    Cerin, E., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Van Dyck, D., Hinckson, E., Schipperijn, J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Davey, R.C., Hino, A.A.F., Mitáš, J., Orzanco-Garralda, R., Salvo, D., Sarmiento, O.L., Christiansen, L.B., Macfarlane, D., Schofield, G., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Neighborhood environments and objectively measured physical activity in 11 countries. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(12), 2253-2264. Published online April 28, 2014. PubMed PMID:  24781892.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Hinckson, E., Reis, R.S., Davey, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Mitáš, J., Troelsen, J., Macfarlane, D., Salvo, D., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Owen, N., Cain, K.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). International study of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time with body mass index and obesity: IPEN Adult study. International Journal of Obesity, 39, 199-207.  
       
    Giles-Corti, B., Sallis, J.F., Sugiyama, T., Frank, L.D., Lowe, M., and Owen, N. (2015). Translating active living research into policy and practice: One important pathway to chronic disease prevention. Journal of Public Health Policy, 36(2), 231-243. Open access.  
       
    De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Van Dyck, D., Salvo, D., Davey, R., Reis, R.S., Schofield, G., Sarmiento, O.L., Mitas, J., Christiansen, L.B., Macfarlane, D., Sugiyama, T., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Owen, N., Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., and Cerin, E. (2015). International study of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and Body Mass Index: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12: 62.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Salvo, D., Christiansen, L.B., Macfarlane, D., Owen, N., Mitas, J., Troelsen, J., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Davey, R., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Schofield, G., Conway, T.L.,  and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Moderating effects of age, gender and education on the associations of perceived neighborhood environment attributes with accelerometer-based physical activity: The IPEN Adult study. Health and Place, 36, 65-73.   
       
   

Kerr, J., Emond, J.A., Badland, H., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O., Carlson, J., Sallis, J.F., Cerin, E., Cain, K., Conway, T., Schofield, G., Macfarlane, D.J., Christiansen, L.B., Van Dyck, D., Davey, R., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Salvo, D., Sugiyama, T., Owen, N., Mitas, J., and Natarajan, L. (2016). Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 124(3), 290-298. Posted online July 17, 2015. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1409466.

 
   

Sallis, J.F., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., Adams, M.A., Frank, L.D., Pratt, M., Salvo, D., Schipperijn, J., Smith, G., Cain, K.L., Davey, R., Kerr, J., Lai, P-C., Mitas, J., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Schofield, G., Troelsen, J., Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Owen, N. (2016). Urban environments in 14 cities worldwide are related to physical activity. The Lancet, 387(no. 10034), 2207-2217. Released online April 1, 2016.  Open access:

DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01284-2 
Research brief: Blog: Shortened link: http://bit.ly/253e4dA
Comment by Goenka and Andersen: Goenka, S., and Andersen, L.B. (2016). Our health is a function of where we live. The Lancet, 387(no. 10034), 2168-2170.   Open access:
twitter hashtag: #GlobalActiveCities
Featured in this news article in JAMA. Abbasi, J. As walking movement grows, neighborhood walkability gains attention. JAMA, Medical News and Perspective. Published online June 29, 2016. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.7755.
Summarized in this article from a European Union newsletter.  'Science for Environment Policy', 8th July 2016, Urban design can promote walking: people physically active for up to 1.5 hours more per week in activity-friendly neighbourhoods, European Commission DG Environment News Alert Service.    

 
   
Cerin, E., Cain, K.L., Oyeyemi, A., Owen, N., Conway, T.L., Cochrane, T., van Dyck, D., Schipperijn, J., Mitaš, J., Toftager, M., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Correlates of agreement between accelerometry and self-reported physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(6), 1075-1084.
 
       
   

Sallis, J.F., Bull, F.C., Guthold, R., Heath, G.W., Inoue, S., Oyeyemi, A.L., Perez, L.G., Richards, J., & Hallal, P., for the Lancet Physical Activity Series 2 Executive Committee. (2016). Progress in physical activity over the Olympic quadrennium. The Lancet (July), 31-42. In Series on Physical Activity 216: Progress and Challenges. Published online July 27, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/50140-6736(16)30581-5
Link to a pdf of the Open Access paper:
Link to the Second Lancet Physical Activity Series:

Link to the Series Launch Video: Physical Activity 2016 Series launch video
 
       
    Giles-Corti, B., Vernez-Moudon, A., Reis, R., Turrell, G., Dannenberg, A.L., Badland, H. Foster, S., Lowe, M., Sallis, J.F., Stevenson, M., and Owen, N. (2016). City planning and population health: A global challenge. The Lancet, September, 7-19. Paper 1 in The Lancet Series on Urban Design, Transport and Health. Released September 23, 2016.  
       
   

Sallis, J.F., Bull, F., Burdett, R., Frank, L.D., Griffiths, P., Giles-Corti, B., and Stevenson, M. (2016). Using science to guide city planning, policy and practice: Achieving health and sustainable future cities. The Lancet, September, 31-41. Paper 3 in The Lancet Series on Urban Design, Transport and Health. Released September 23, 2016.
Open access: http://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140-6736(16)30068-X.pdf
Website for the Lancet Series on Urban Design, Transport and Health:
Twitter: #Healthycities and #Lancetcities
Recording of the launch event in New York City, at the Japan Society: September 23, 2016.

My blog about the launch events.
 
       
    Christiansen, L.B., Cerin, E., Badland, H., Kerr, J., Davey, R.,  Troelsen, J., Van Dyck, D., Mitáš, J., Schofield, G., Sugiyama, T., Salvo, D., Sarmiento, O., Reis, R., Adams, M., Frank, L., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). International comparisons of the associations between objective measures of the built environment and transport-related walking and cycling: IPEN adult study. Journal of Transport and Health, 3, 467-478. Posted online March 21, 2016.   
       
   

Sallis, J.F. (2016). New evidence for the role of transportation in health. The Lancet Public Health. Invited commentary. Open access: Published Online October 28, 2016: Invited commentary on the following article:            

 
       
    Frank, L.D., Fox, E.H., Ulmer, J.M., Chapman, J.E., Kershaw, S.E., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cerin, E., Cain, K.L., Adams, M.A., Smith, G.R., Hinckson, E., Mavoa, S., Christiansen, L.B., Hino, A.A., Lopes, A., and Schipperijn, J. (2017). International comparison of observation-specific spatial buffers: Maximizing the ability to estimate physical activity. International Journal of Health Geographics, 16(4). DOI: 10.1186/s12942-017-0077-9.  
       
    Oyeyemi, A.L., Conway, T.L., Adedoyin, R.A., Akinroye, K.K., Aryeetey, R., Assah, F., Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Kasoma, S.S., Kolbe-Alexander, T.L., Lambert, E.V., Larouche, R., Moss, S.J., Ocansey, R., Onywera, V.O., Prista, A., Tremblay, M.S., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Construct validity of the neighborhood environment walkability scale for Africa. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(3), 482-491.  DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001131  
       
    Cerin, E., Mitáš, J., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Adams, M., Schofield, G., Sarmiento, O.L., Reis, R.S., Schipperijn, J., Davey, R., Salvo, D., Orzanco-Garralda, R., Macfarlane, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Sallis, J.F., and Van Dyck, D. (2017). Do associations of objectively-assessed physical activity with neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN Adult Study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14:34. DOI 10.1186/s12966-017-0493-z  
     
       
  MSPAN: Middle School Physical Activity and Nutrition  
    Jones, L.R., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Marshall, S.J., and Pelletier, R.L. (1999). Ethnic and gender differences in request for and use of low/non-fat foods in bag lunches. Journal of School Health, 69, 332-336.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S.J., Sallis, J.F., and Conway, T.L. (2000). Leisure-time physical activity in school environments: An observational study using SOPLAY. Preventive Medicine, 30, 70-77.  
       
    Wildey, M.B., Pampalone, S.Z., Pelletier, R.L., Zive, M.M., Elder, J.P., and Sallis, J.F. (2000). Fat and sugar levels are high in snacks purchased from student stores in middle schools. Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 100, 319-322.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S.J., Sallis, J.F., and Conway, T.L. (2000). Student activity levels, lesson context, and teacher behavior during middle school physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71, 249-259. Abstracted in "Physical Activity Today." A newsletter of the AAHPERD Research Consortium. Summer 2001.  
       
    Hoefer, W.R., McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Marshall, S.J., Conway, T.L.  (2001). Parental provision of transportation for adolescent physical activity.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 21(1), 48-51.   
       
    Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Prochaska, J.J., McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S.P., and Brown, M. (2001). The association of school environments with youth physical activity. American Journal of Public Health, 91, 618-620.  
       
    Powers, H., Conway, T.L., McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S., & Sallis, J.F. (accepted).  Participation in extracurricular physical activity programs in middle schools.  Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.  
       
    Strelow, J.S., Larsen, J.S., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Powers, H.S., McKenzie, T.L.  (2001). Factors Predicting Performance of Volunteer Providers of Physical  Activity in Middle Schools.  Journal of School Health.   
       
    Zive, M.M., Pelletier, R.L., Sallis, J.F., and Elder, J.P.  (2002). An environmental intervention to improve a la carte foods at middle schools.  Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 102, S76-S78.  
       
    Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Pelletier, R.L., Powers, H.S., Marshall, S.J., Zive, M.M., and Elder, J.P. (2002). What do middle school children bring in their bag lunches? Preventive Medicine, 34, 422-427.  
       
    Powers, H.S., Conway, T.L., McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., and Marshall, S.J. (2002). Participation in extracurricular physical activity programs at middle schools. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 187-192.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L. Conway, T.L., Elder, J.P., Prochaska, J.J., Brown, M., Marshall, S.J., Alcaraz, J.E., Rosengard, R., Strelow, J., & Powers, H. Promoting and measuring youth physical activity throughout the school day: Project M-SPAN. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis, 7 (supplement), 44-53. (proceedings, published in Estonia)  
       
    Zive, M.M., Elder, J.P., Prochaska, J.J., Conway, T.L., Pelletier, R.L., Marshall, S., and Sallis, J.F. (2002). Sources of dietary fat in middle schools. Preventive Medicine, 35, 376-382.  
       
    Marshall, S.J., Biddle, S.J.H., Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., and Conway, T.L. (2002). Clustering of sedentary behaviors and physical activity among youth: A cross-national study. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14, 401-417.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Conway, T.L., Elder, J.P., Prochaska, J.J., Brown, M., Zive, M.M., Marshall, S.J., and Alcaraz, J.E. (2003). Environmental interventions for eating and physical activity: A randomized controlled trial in middle schools. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 24, 209-217.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Prochaska, J.J., Conway, T.L., Marshall, S.J., and Rosengard, P. (2004). Evaluation of a two-year school physical education intervention: M-SPAN. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36. 1382-1388.  
       
    Moody, J.S., Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Brown, M., and Conway, T.L. (2004). Viability for parks and recreation centers as sites for youth physical activity promotion. Health Promotion Practice, 5, 438-443.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., and LaMaster, K.J. (2004). Coeducational and single-sex physical education in middle schools: Impact on physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 75, 446-449.  
     
  NEMS: Nutrition Environment Measurement Survey and BEAT Institute: Built Environment Assessment Training Institute  
    Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., and Frank, L.D.  (2007).  Nutrition environment measures study in restaurants (NEMS-R).  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32, 273-281.  
       
    Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., and Frank, L.D.  (2007).  Nutrition environment measures study in stores (NEMS-S).  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32, 282-289.  
       
    Winston, C. P., Sallis, J. F., Swartz, M., Hoelscher, D. M., and Peskin, M. F. (2013). Consumer nutrition environments of hospitals: An exploratory analysis using the Healthy Hospital Environment Scan for Cafeterias, Vending Machines and Gift Shops. Preventing Chronic Disease, 10:120335.  Posted online July 8, 2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd10.120335 PMCID: PMC3702231.  
       
    Winston, C. P., Sallis, J. F., Swartz, M., Hoelscher, D. M., & Peskin, M. F. (2013). Reliability of the Healthy Hospital Environment Scan for Cafeterias, Vending Machines and Gift Shops. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(8),1069-1075.  
       
    Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., and Saelens, B.E. (2015). Advances in physical activity and nutrition environment assessment tools and applications: Recommendations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(5), 615-619. link  
     
  NIK: Neighborhood Impact on Kids  
    Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Chapman, J., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Glanz, K., Couch, S.C., Learnihan, V., Zhou, C., Colburn, T., and Cain, K. (2012). Objective assessment of obesogenic environments in youth: Geographic information system methods and spatial findings from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids (NIK) Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(5), e47-e55. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.02.006. Epub on April 10, 2012. link  
       
    Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Couch, S.C., Zhou, C., Colburn, T., Cain, K.L., Chapman, J., and Glanz, K. (2012).  Obesogenic neighborhood environments, child and parent obesity: The Neighborhood Impact on Kids (NIK) Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(5), e57-e64. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.02.008. Epub on April 10, 2012. link  
       
    Tandon, P.S., Zhou, C., Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Frank, L.D., and Saelens, B.E.  (2012).  Home environment relationships with children's physical activity, sedentary time, and screen time by socioeconomic status. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9:88. PMCID:  PMC3413573.  
       
    Tappe, K.A., Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., Zhou, C., and Saelens, B.E. (2013). Children's physical activity and parents' perception of the neighborhood environment: Neighborhood Impact on Kids study.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10:39. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-39 PMCID:  PMC3615958.  
       
    Kneeshaw-Price, S.H., Saelens, B., Sallis, J., Glanz, K., Frank, L., Kerr, J., Hannon, P., Grembowski, D., Chan, K.C.G., Cain, K. (2013).  Children's objective physical activity by location: Why the neighborhood matters. Pediatric Exercise Science, 25, 468-486.  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., McKenzie, T.L., Kerr, J., Arredondo, E.M., Madanat, H., Mignano, A.M., Cain, K.L., Elder, J.P., & Saelens, B.E. (2013). Elementary school practices and children's objectively measured physical activity during school. Preventive Medicine, 57(5), 591-595. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.08.003.  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Mignano, A.M., Norman, G.J., McKenzie, T.L., Kerr, J., Arredondo, E.M., Madanat, H., Cain, K.L., Elder, J.P., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Socioeconomic disparities in elementary school practices and children's physical activity during school. American Journal of Health Promotion, 28(3 suppl.), S47-S53. DOI: 10.4278/ajhp.130430-QUAN-206.  
       
    Cain, K.L., Millstein, R.A., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Gavand, K., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Geremia, C.M., Chapman, J., Adams, M.A., Glanz, K., and King, A.C. (2014). Contribution of streetscape audits to explanation of physical activity in four age groups based on the microscale audit of pedestrian streetscapes (MAPS). Social Science and Medicine, 116, 82-92. Available online 24 June 2014, ISSN 0277-9536.  
       
    Tandon, P., Grow, H.M., Couch, S., Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., and Saelens, B.E. (2014). Physical and social home environment in relation to children's overall and home-based physical activity and sedentary time. Preventive Medicine, 66, 39-44.  
       
    Couch, S.D., Glanz, K., Zhou, C., Sallis, J.F., and Saelens, B.E. (2014). Home food environment in relation to children's diet quality and weight status. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 114(10), 1569-1579.  
       
    Kneeshaw-Price, S.H., Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Grembowski, D.E., Hannon, P.A., Smith, N.L., and Chan, K.C.G. (2015). Neighborhood crime-related safety and its relation to children's physical activity. Journal of Urban Health, 92(3), 472-489.  Posted online March 27, 2015.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Gavand, K., Millstein, R.A., Geremia, C.M., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., and King, A.C. (2015). Is your neighborhood designed to support physical activity? A brief streetscape audit tool. Preventing Chronic Disease, 12:150098. Posted online September 3, 2015.  
       
    Kurka, J.M., Adams, M.A., Todd, M., Colburn, T., Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Glanz, K., Frank, L.D., & Saelens, B.E.. (2016). Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes in relation to children's physical activity. Health & Place, 34(6), 164-170. Best School Practices for Supporting Children’s Physical Activity: A Research Report.link  
   
 
    Thornton, C.M., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Geremia, C.M., Glanz, K., King, A.C., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Disparities in pedestrian streetscape environments by income and race/ethnicity. SSM-Population Health, 2, 206-216.  Open access: link  Published online May 2016. Link to research brief: link              
       
    Robson, S.M., Couch, S.C., Peugh, J.L., Glanz, K., Zhou, C., Sallis, J.F., and Saelens, B.E. (2016). Parent diet quality and energy intake are related to child diet quality and energy intake. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 116(6), 984-990.  
       
    Perry, C.K., Ackert, E., Sallis, J.F., Glanz, K., and Saelens, B.E. (2016). Places where children are active: A longitudinal examination of children's physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 93, 88-95.

 
       
     
  NQLS: Neighborhood Quality of Life Study  
    Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., and Frank, L.D. (2003). Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: Findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 25, 80-91.  
       
    Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Black, J.B., and Chen, D. (2003). Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: An environment scale evaluation. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1552-1558.  
       
    De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Sallis, J.F., and Saelens, B.E. (2003). Environmental correlates of physical activity in a sample of Belgian adults. American Journal of Health Promotion, 18, 83-92.  
       
    Humpel, N., Owen, N., Leslie, E., Marshall, A.L., Bauman, A.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Associations of location and perceived environmental attributes with walking in neighborhoods. American Journal of Health Promotion, 18, 239-242.  
       
    Brownson, R.C., Chang, J.J., Eyler, A.A., Ainsworth, B.E., Kirtland, K., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Measuring the environment for friendliness toward physical activity: A comparison of the reliability of 3 questionnaires. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 473-483.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Kraft, M.K. (2004). Active transportation and physical activity: Opportunities for collaboration on transportation and public health research. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 38, 249-268.  
       
    Owen, N., Humpel, N., Leslie, E., Bauman, A., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Understanding environmental influences on walking: Review and research agenda. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27, 67-76.  
       
    Atkinson, J.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Cain, K.L., and Black, J.B. (2005). The association of neighborhood design and recreational environments with physical activity. American Journal of Health Promotion, 19, 304-309.  
       
    Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., and Frank, L.D. (2005). Healthy nutrition environments: Concepts and measures. American Journal of Health Promotion, 19, 330-333.  
       
    Frank, L.D., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Chapman, J.E., Saelens, B.E., and Bachman, W. (2006). Many pathways from land use to health: Associations between neighborhood walkability and active transportation, body mass index, and air quality. Journal of the American Planning Association, 72, 75-87.  
       
    Kerr, J., Rosenberg, D., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., and Conway , T.L. (2006). Active commuting to school: Associations with built environment and parental concerns. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38, 787-794.  
       
    Cerin, E., Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., and Frank, L.D. (2006). Neighborhood environment walkability scale: Validity and development of a short form. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38, 1682-1691.  
       
    Owen, N., Cerin, E., Leslie, E., duToit, L., Coffee, N., Frank, L.D., Bauman, A.E., Hugo, G., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2007). Neighborhood walkability and the walking behavior of Australian adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33, 387-395.  
       
   

Abercrombie, L.C, Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Chapman, J.E. (2008). Income and racial disparities in access to public parks and private recreation facilities. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 34, 9-15. link

List of recreational facility categories searched is available here

 
         
    Sallis, J.F., and Kerr, J. (2006). Built environment and physical activity. PCPFS Research Digest, Series 7, No.4, 1-8. Reprinted in Guerrero, L.K., and Hecht, M.L. (Eds.), The nonverbal communication reader, 3rd ed. Long Grove, IL: Waveland, 2008, 270-286.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Story, M., and Orleans, T.O. (2007). A research perspective on findings from Bridging the Gap. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33(4S), S169-S171. (invited commentary)  
       
    Sallis, J.F. (2008). Angels in the details: Comment on “The relationship between destination proximity, destination mix and physical activity behaviours.” Preventive Medicine, 48.  
       
    Coleman, K.J., Rosenberg, D.E., Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., and Cain, K.  (2008). Physical activity, weight status, and neighborhood characteristics of dog walkers.  Preventive Medicine, 47, 309-312.  
       
    Frank, L., Kerr, J., Saelens, B., Sallis, J., Glanz, K., and Chapman, J.  (2009).  Food outlet visits, physical activity, and body weight: Variations by gender and race-ethnicity.  British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 124-131.  doi:10.1136/bjsm.2008.055533     
       
    Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Conway, T.L., Slymen, D.J., Cain, K.L., Chapman, J.E., and Kerr, J.  (2009). Neighborhood built environment and income: Examining multiple health outcomes.  Social Science and Medicine, 68, 1285-1293.  doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.01.017  
       
    Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., and Sallis, J.F. Cross-validation of the factorial structure of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) and its abbreviated form (NEWS-A). (2009). International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6:32.   
       
    Frank, L.D., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Leary, L., Cain, K., Conway, T.L., and Hess, P.M.  (2010). The development of a walkability index: Application to the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study.  British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 124-131.  
       
    Rovniak, L.S., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Marshall, S.J., Norman, G.J., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., and Hovell, M.F. (2010). Adults' physical activity patterns across life domains: Cluster analysis with replication. Health Psychology, 29, 496-506.  
       
    Lachapelle, U., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., and Conway, T.L. (2011).  Commuting by public transit and physical activity: Where you live, where you work, and how you get there.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8, (suppl 1), S72-S82.   
       
    Crespo, N.C., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., and Frank, L.D.  (2011). Worksite physical activity policies and environments in relation to employee physical activity.  American Journal of Health Promotion, 25, 264-271.  
       
    Adams, M.A., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Norman, G.J., and Cain, K.L.  (2011). Neighborhood environment profiles related to physical activity and weight status: A latent profile analysis.  Preventive Medicine, 52, 326-331.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Slymen, D.J., Conway, T.L., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Cain, K., and Chapman, J.  (2011). Income disparities in perceived neighborhood built and social environment attributes.  Health and Place, 17(6), 1274-1283. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.02.006. link  
       
    Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Chapman, J.E., Slymen, D.J., and Kerr, J. (2012).  Neighborhood environmental and psychosocial correlates of adults' physical activity.  Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(4), 637-646. Epub ahead of print September 16, 2011. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318237fe18  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2012).  Associations between perceived neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behavior: Findings from the USA, Australia, and Belgium. Social Science and Medicine, 74, 1375-1384.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F.  (2012).  Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' transport-related walking and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia, and Belgium. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 70. Posted online June 12, 2012.link  
       
    Candelaria, J.I., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Slymen, D.J., Cain, K.L., and Chapman, J.E.  (2012).  Differences in physical activity among adults in households with and without children.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9(7), 985-995. link  
       
    Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Cain, K.L., and Slymen, D.J. (2012). Interactive effects of built environment and psychosocial attributes on physical activity: A test of ecological models. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 44, 365-374.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2013).  Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' leisure-time physical activity: Findings from Belgium, Australia, and the USA.  Health and Place, 19, 59-68.  
       
    Kozo, J., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Kerr, J., Cain, K., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., and Owen, N. (2012). Sedentary behaviors of adults in relation to neighborhood walkability and income. Health Psychology, 31(6), 704-713. Online First Publication, April 30, 2012. doi: 10.1037/a0027874  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Dillon, L.I., Frank, L.D., Adams, M.A., Cain, K.L., and Saelens, B.E. (2013). Environmental and demographic correlates of bicycling. Preventive Medicine, 57, 456-460. Published online June 19, 2013. Open access.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.06.014. link
 
       
    Bracy, N.L., Millstein, R.A., Carlson, J.A., Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Cain, K.L., Frank, L.D., and King, A.C. (2014). Is the relationship between the built environment and physical activity moderated by perceptions of crime and safety? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical  Activity, 11:24. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-11-24. link  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., and Sallis, J.F. (2014).  Interacting psychosocial and environmental correlates of leisure-time physical activity: A three-country study. Health Psychology, 33(7), 699-709. Online First Publication, November 18, 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0033516  
       
    Kercood, S., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Cain, K.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Parent rules, barriers, and places for youth physical activity vary by neighborhood walkability and income. Children, Youth, and Environments, 25(1), 100-118. DOI: 10.7721/chilyoutenvi.25.1.0100. http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=chilyoutenvi. link  
       
    Adams, M.A., Todd, M., Kurka, J., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Frank, L.D., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Patterns of walkability, transit and recreation environments for physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(6), 878-887. Published Online: July 29, 2015. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2015.05.024.  
       
    Lachapelle, U., Frank, L.D., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., and Conway, T.L. (2016). Active transportation by transit-dependent and choice riders and potential displacement of other physical activity. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 36(2), 225-238.  
       
    Lee, S., Conway, T.L., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Cain, K.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). The relation of perceived and objective environment attributes to neighborhood satisfaction. Environment and Behavior, 49(2), 136-160. DOI: 10.1177/0013916515623823  
     
  PACE: Patient-Centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise (and Nutrition)  
    Patrick, K., Sallis, J.F., Long, B., Calfas, K.J., Wooten, W., Heath, G., and Pratt, M. (1994). A new tool for encouraging activity: Project PACE. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 22, 45-55.  
       
    Long, B.J., Calfas, K.J., Wooten, W.J., Sallis, J.F., Patrick, K.M., Goldstein, M., Marcus, B.H., Schwenk, T.L., Chenoweth, J., Carter, R., Torres, T., Palinkas, L.A., and Heath, G. (1996). A multisite field test of the acceptability of physical activity counseling in primary care: Project PACE. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 12, 73-81.  
       
    Calfas, K.J., Long, B.J., Sallis, J.F., Wooten, W.J., Pratt, M., Patrick, K. (1996). A controlled trial of physician counseling to promote the adoption of physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 25, 225-233.  
       
    Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., Oldenburg, B., and French, M. (1997). Mediators of change in physical activity following an intervention in primary care: PACE. Preventive Medicine, 26, 297-304.  
       
    Ockene, J.K., McBride, P.E., Sallis, J.F., Bonollo, D.P., and Ockene, I.S. (1997). Synthesis of lessons learned from cardiopulmonary preventive interventions in healthcare practice settings. Annals of Epidemiology, 7 (Supplement), S32-S45.  
       
    Prochaska, J.J., Zabinski, M.F., Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2000). PACE+: Interactive communication technology for behavior change in clinical settings. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 19, 127-131.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Patrick, K., Frank, E., Pratt, M., Wechsler, H., and Galuska, D.A. (2000). Interventions in health care settings to promote healthful eating and physical activity in children and adolescents. Preventive Medicine, 31, S112-S120. Abstracted in "The Research File" newsletter of the Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute. January 2001.  
       
    Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., and Long, B. (2001). A physical activity screening measure for use with adolescents in primary care. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 155, 554-559.  
       
    Patrick, K., Sallis, J.F., Prochaska, J.J., Lydston, D.D., Calfas, K.J., Zabinski, M.F., Wilfley, D.E., Saelens, B.E., and Brown, D.R. (2001). A multi-component program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care: PACE+ for adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 155, 940-946.  
       
    Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., and Rupp, J. (2001). Screening measure for assessing dietary fat intake among adolescents. Preventive Medicine, 33, 699-706.  
       
    Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Wilfley, D.E., Patrick, K., Cella, J.A., & Buchta, R.  (2002). Behavioral weight control for overweight adolescents initiated in primary care.  Obesity Research, 10, 22-32.  
       
    Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., Zabinski, M.F., Wilfley, D.E., Rupp, J., Prochaska, J.J., Thompson, S., Pratt, M., and Patrick, K.  (2002). Preliminary evaluation of a multi-component program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care:  PACE+ for adults.  Preventive Medicine, 34, 153-161.  
       
    Sallis, J.F.  (2002). Active intervention: Doctors promote exercise and get results.  Psychology Today, January/February, 22.  
       
    Prochaska, J.J., Rodgers, M.W., and Sallis, J.F. (2002). Association of parent and peer support with adolescent physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 206-210.  
       
    Doshi, A., Patrick, K., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K. (2003). Evaluation of physical activity web sites for use of behavior change theories. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 25, 105-111.  
       
    Gaspar de Matos, M., Sardinha, L., and Sallis, J. (2003). Projecto PACE: Aconselhamento do diabetico para a actividade fisica. Diabetes: Viver em Equilibiro, 27 (Abril/Junho), 19-20.  
       
    Prochaska, J.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Reliability and validity of a fruit and vegetable screening measure for adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 34, 163-165.  
       
    Prochaska, J.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). A randomized controlled trial of single versus multiple health behavior change: Promoting physical activity and nutrition among adolescents. Health Psychology, 23, 314-318.  
       
    Norman, G.J., Vaughn, A.A., Roesch, S.C., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Patrick, K. (2004). Development of decisional balance and self-efficacy measures for adolescent sedentary habits. Psychology and Health, 19, 561-575.  
       
    Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., and Gaskins, R. (2005). Comparability and reliability of paper- and computer-based measures of psychosocial constructs for adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviors. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76, 315-323.  
       
    Norman, G., Schmid, B., Sallis, J., Calfas, K., and Patrick, K. (2005). Psychosocial and environmental correlates of adolescent sedentary behavior. Pediatrics, 116, 908-916.  
       
    Hagler, A., Norman, G.J., Radick, L.R., Calfas, K.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2005). Comparability and reliability of paper- and computer-based measures of psychosocial contructs for adolescent fruit and vegetable and dietary fat intake. Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 105, 1758-1764.  
       
    Norman, G.J., Nutter, S.K., Ryan, S., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Patrick, K. (2006). Community design and access to recreational facilities as correlates of adolescent physical activity and body mass index. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 3 (Suppl. 2), S118-S128.  
       
    Patrick, K., Calfas, K.J., Norman, G.J., Zabinski, M.F., Sallis, J.F., Rupp, J., Covin, J., and Cella, J. (2006). Randomized controlled trial of a primary care and home-based intervention for physical activity and nutrition behaviors: PACE+ for adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 160, 128-136.  
       
    Zabinski, M.F., Daly, T., Norman, G.J., Rupp, J.W., Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2006). Psychosocial correlates of fruit, vegetable, and dietary fat intake among adolescent boys and girls. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 106, 814-821.  
       
    Hagler, A.S., Calfas, K.J., Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2006). Construct validity of physical activity and sedentary behaviors staging measures for adolescents. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 31, 186-193.  
       
    Zabinski, M. F., Norman, G. J., Sallis, J. F., Calfas, K. J., and Patrick, K. (2007). Cluster analysis of sedentary behavior patterns among adolescents. Health Psychology, 26, 113-120.  
       
    Sanchez, A., Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Cella, J., and Patrick, K. (2007). Patterns and correlates of multiple risk physical activity and nutrition behaviors in adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32, 124-130.  
       
    Norman, G., J., Adams, M.A, Calfas, K.J., Covin, J., Sallis, J.F., Rossi, J.S., Redding, C.A., Cella, J., and Patrick, K. (2007). A randomized trial of a multi-component intervention for adolescent sun protection behaviors. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161, 146-152.  
       
    Rosenberg, D.E., Norman, G.J., Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2007). Covariation of adolescent physical activity and nutrition behaviors over 12-months. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, 472-478.  
       
    Kerr, J., Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2008). Exercise aids, neighborhood safety, and physical activity in adolescents and parents. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40, 1244-1248.  
       
    Robinson, A.H., Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Rock, C.L., and Patrick, K. (2008). Validating stage of change measures for physical activity and dietary behaviors for overweight women. International Journal of Obesity, 32, 1137-1144.  
       
    Huang, J., Sallis, J., and Patrick, K. (2009). The role of primary care in promoting children's physical activity. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 19-21.  
       
    Adams, M.A., Norman, G.J., Hovell, M.F., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2009). Reconceptualizing decisional balance in an adolescent sun protection intervention: Mediating effects and theoretical interpretations. Health Psychology, 28, 217-255. doi: 10.1037/a0012989  
       
    Adams, M.A., Ryan, S., Kerr, J., Sallis, J.F., Patrick, K., Frank, L.D., and Norman, G.J.  (2009). Validation of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Survey (NEWS) items using Geographic Information Systems.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 6(Supplement 1), S113-S123.  
       
    Roesch, S.C., Norman, G.J., Adams, M.A., Kerr, J., Sallis, J.F., Ryan, S., Calfas, K.J., and Patrick, K.  (2009). Latent growth curve modeling of adolescent physical activity: Testing parallel process and mediation models.  Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 313-325.   
       
    Norman, G.J., Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Wagner, N., Calfas, K.J., and Patrick, K.  (2010). Reliability and validity of brief psychosocial measures related to dietary behaviors.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, 56.  doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-56  
       
    Roesch, S.C., Norman, G.J., Villodas, F., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K.  (2010). Intervention-mediated effects for adult physical activity: A latent growth curve analysis.  Social Science and Medicine, 71, 494-501.  
       
    Rosenberg, D.E., Norman, G.J., Wagner, N., Patrick, K., Calfas, K.J., and Sallis, J.F.  (2010). Reliability and validity of the sedentary behavior questionnaire (SBQ) for adults.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7, 697-705.  
       
    Kerr, J., Norman, G.J., Adams, M.A., Ryan, S., Frank, L., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K., and Patrick, K. (2010). Do neighbourhood environments moderate the effect of physical activity lifestyle interventions in adults?  Health and Place, 16, 903-908.  
       
    Huang, J.S., Gottschalk, M., Norman, G.J., Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K.  (2011). Compliance with behavioral guidelines for diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviors is related to insulin resistance among overweight and obese youth.  BMC Research Notes, 4, 29.   
       
    Patrick, K., Calfas, K.J., Norman, G.J., Rosenberg, D., Zabinksi, M.F., Sallis, J.F., Rock, C.L., and Dillon, L.W. (2011). Outcomes of a 12-month web-based intervention for overweight and obese men. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 42(3), 391-401.  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Ramirez, E.R., Patrick, K., and Norman, G.J. (2012).  Physical activity and dietary behavior change in internet-based weight loss interventions: Comparing two multiple-behavior change indices. Preventive Medicine, 54(1), 50-54. Published online December 2011. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.10.018  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Wagner, N., Calfas, K.J., Groesz, L.M., and Norman, G.J.  (2012).  Brief physical activity-related psychosocial measures: Reliability and construct validity.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9, 1178-1186.  
       
    Roesch, S.C., Norman, G.N., Merz, E., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K.  (2013).  Longitudinal measurement invariance of psychosocial measures in physical activity research: An application to adolescent data.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 721-729. PMCID: PMC3668442.  
       
    Norman, G.J., Carlson, J.A., Omara, S., Sallis, J.F., Patrick, K., Frank, L.D., and  Godbole, S. (2013). Neighborhood preference, walkability and walking in overweight/obese men. American Journal of Health Behavior, 37(2), 277-282.  
       
    Patrick, K., Norman, G.J., Davila, E.P., Calfas, K.J., Raab, F., Gottschalk, M., Sallis, J.F., Godbole, S., and Covin, J. (2013).  Outcomes of a 12-month technology-based intervention to promote weight loss in adolescents at risk for type 2 diabetes.  Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, 17(3), 759-770.  
       
    Patrick, K., Norman, G.J., Davila, E.P., Rosenberg, D.E., Calfas, K.J., Covin , J.R., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Two-year outcomes of a primary-care and home-based intervention for physical activity, sedentary behavior, and diet in adolescents. Infant, Child, & Adolescent Nutrition, 6, 44-51.  
       
     
  Project WALK  
    Lee, R.E., McGinnis, K.A., Sallis, J.F., Castro,   C.M., Chen, A.H., and Hickmann, S.A. (1997). Active vs. passive methods; recruiting ethnic minority women to a health promotion program. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 19, 378-384.  
       
    Chen, A.H., Sallis, J.F., Castro, C.M., Lee, R.E., Hickmann, S.A., Williams, C., and Martin, J.E. (1998). A home-based behavioral intervention to promote walking in sedentary ethnic minority women: Project WALK. Women’s Health: Research on Gender, Behavior, and Policy, 4, 19-39.  
       
    Castro, C.M., Sallis, J.F., Hickmann, S.A., Lee, R.E., and Chen, A.H. (1999). A prospective study of psychosocial correlates of physical activity for ethnic minority women. Psychology and Health, 14, 277-293.  
       
    Hickmann, S.A., Lee, R.E., Sallis, J.F., Castro, C.M., and Chen, A.H. (1999). The association of physical activity change with self-esteem in ethnic minority women: A prospective analysis. Journal of Gender, Culture, and Health, 4, 281-292.  
       
    Lee, R.E., Goldberg, J.H., Sallis, J.F., Hickmann, S.A., Castro, C.M., and Chen, A.H. (2001). A prospective analysis of the relationship between walking and mood in sedentary ethnic minority women. Women & Health, 32(4), 1-15.  
     
  Proyecto Juarez and Healthy Generations  
    Moreno, C., Laniado-Laborin, R., Sallis, J.F., Elder, J.P., de Moor, C., Castro, F. and Deosaransingh, K. (1994). Parental influences to smoke in Latino youth. Preventive Medicine, 23, 48-53.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Deosaransingh, k., Woodruff, S.I., Vargas, R., Laniado-Laborin, R., Moreno, C., and Elder, J.P. (1994). Parental prompting of smoking among adolescents in Tijuana, Mexico. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1, 122-136.  
       
    Laniado-Laborin, R., Moreno, C., Woodruff, S.I., Vargas, R., Sallis, J.F., and Elder, J.P. (1994). Tabaquismo en ninos y adolescentes de la ciudad de Tijuana, Mexico. Boletin Medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico, 51, 528-534.  
       
    Deosaransingh, K., Moreno, C., Woodruff, S.I., Sallis, J.F., Vargas, R., and Elder, J.P. (1995). Acculturation and smoking in Latino youth. Health Values, 19, 49-52.  
       
    Laniado-Laborin, R., Moreno, C., Vargas, R., Deosaransingh, K., Woodruff, S.I., and Sallis, J.F. (1995). Los ninos que trabajan en las calles de Tijuana: Perfil epidemiologico y prevalencia de experimentacio con tabaco. (Children who work in the streets of Tijuana: An epidemiological profile and prevalence of cigarette smoking.) Salud Publica de Mexico, 37, 149-154.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Woodruff, S.I., Vargas, R., Deosaransingh, K., Laniado-Laborin, R., Moreno, C, and Elder, J.P. (1997). Reliability and validity of a cigarette refusal skills test for Latino youth. American Journal of Health Behavior, 21, 345-355.  
       
    Woodruff, S.I., Sallis, J.F., Zavala, F.M., and Deosaransingh, K. (1997). Effects of sex of subject and offerer on cigarette refusals among Latino youth. Psychology and Health, 12, 161-169.  
       
    Laniado-Laborín, R., Woodruff, S.I., Candelaria, J.I., and Sallis, J.F. (2002). Parental prompting and smoking among Latino youth. Ethnicity and Disease, 12, 59-67.  
       
    Woodruff, S.I., Candelaria, J.I., Laniado-Laborín, R., Sallis, J.F., and Villaseñor, A. (2003). Availability of cigarettes as a risk factor for trial smoking in adolescents. American Journal of Health Behavior, 27, 84-88.  
       
    Laniado-Laborín, R, Candelaria, JI, Villaseñor, A, Woodruff, SI, Sallis, JF. (2004). Concordance between parental and children’s reports of smoking prompts. Chest, 125, 429-434.  
       
   

Woodruff, S.I., Laniado-Laborin, R., Candelaria, J.I., Villasenor A., and Sallis, J.F.  (2004)  Parental prompts as risk factors for adolescent trial smoking:  Results of a prospective cohort study.  Addictive Behaviors, 28, 1869-1873.

 
     
  San Diego Family Health Project  
    Nader, P.R., Sallis, J.F., Rupp, J., Atkins, C., Patterson, T., and Abramson, I. (1986). The San Diego Family Health Project: Reaching families through the schools. Journal of School Health, 56, 227-231.  
       
    Vega, W.A., Patterson, T., Sallis, J., Nader, P., Atkins, C., and Abramson, I. (1986). Cohesion and adaptability in Mexican-American and Anglo families. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 48, 857-867.  
       
    Patterson, T.L., Kaplan, R.M., Sallis, J.F., and Nader, P.R. (1987). Aggregation of blood pressure in Anglo-American and Mexican-American families. Preventive Medicine, 16, 616-625.  
       
    Atkins, C.J., Patterson, T.L., Roppe, B.E., Sallis, J.F., and Nader, P.R. (1987). Recruitment issues, health habits and the decision to participate in a health promotion program. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 3, 87-94.  
       
    Vega, W.A., Sallis, J.F., Patterson, T.L., Rupp, J.W., Atkins, C.J., and Nader, P.R. (1987). Assessing knowledge of cardiovascular health-related diet and exercise behaviors in Anglos and Mexican-Americans. Preventive Medicine, 16, 696-709.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Patterson, T.L., Buono, M.J., Atkins, C.J., and Nader, P.R. (1988). Aggregation of physical activity habits in Mexican-American and Anglo families. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 11, 31-41.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Patterson, T.L., Buono, M.J., and Nader, P.R. (1988). Relation of cardiovascular fitness and physical activity to cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 127, 933-941.  
       
    Patterson, T.L., Rupp, J.W., Sallis, J.F., Atkins, C.J., and Nader, P.R. (1988). Aggregation of dietary calories, fats, and sodium in Mexican-American and Anglo families. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4, 75-82.  
       
    Vega, W.A., Sallis, J.F., Patterson, T.L., Rupp, J.W., Morris, J.A., and Nader, P.R. (1988). Predictors of dietary change in Mexican-American families participating in a health behavior change program. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4, 194-199.  
       
    Patterson, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Nader, P.R., Rupp, J.W., McKenzie, T.L., Roppe, B.E., and Bartok, P.W. (1988). Direct observation of physical activity and dietary behaviors in a structured environment: Effects of a family-based health promotion program. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 11, 447-458.  
       
    Patterson, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Kaplan, R.M., and Nader, P.R. (1988). Influence of physical activity and diet on aggregation of body mass index in Mexican-American and Anglo families. Journal of Obesity and Weight Regulation, 7, 77-90.  
       
    Patterson, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Nader, P.R., Kaplan, R.M., Rupp, J.W., Atkins, C.J., and Senn, K.L. (1989). Familial similarities of changes in cognitive, behavioral, and physiological variables in a cardiovascular health promotion program. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 14, 277-292.  
       
    Nader, P.R., Sallis, J.F., Patterson, T.L., Abramson, I.S., Rupp, J.W., Senn, K.L., Atkins, C.J., Roppe, B.E., Morris, J.A., Wallace, J.P., and Vega, W.A. (1989). A family approach to cardiovascular risk reduction: Results from the San Diego Family Health Project. Health Education Quarterly, 16, 229-244.  
       
    Kaplan, R.M., Patterson, T.L., Sallis, J.F., and Nader, P.R. (1989). Exercise suppresses heritability estimates for obesity in Mexican-American families. Addictive Behaviors, 14, 581-588.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Patterson, T.L., Buono, M.J., Morris, J.A., and Nader, P.R. (1989). Familial aggregation of aerobic power: The influence of age, physical activity, and body mass index. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 60, 318-324.  
       
    Atkins, C.J., Senn, K., Rupp, J., Kaplan, R.M., Patterson, T.L., Sallis, J.F., and Nader, P.R. (1990). Attendance at health promotion programs: Baseline predictors and program outcomes. Health Education Quarterly, 17, 417-428.  
       
    Nader, P.R., Sallis, J.F., Abramson, I.S., Broyles, S.L., Patterson, T.L., Senn, K., Rupp, J.W., and Nelson, J.A. (1992). Family-based cardiovascular risk reduction education among Mexican- and Anglo-Americans. Family and Community Health, 15, 57-74.  
       
    Madsen, J., Sallis, J.F., Rupp, J.W., Senn, K.L., Patterson, T.L., Atkins, C.J., and Nader, P.R. (1993). Relationship between self-monitoring of diet and exercise change and subsequent risk factor changes in children and adults. Patient Education and Counseling, 21, 61-69.        
       
    Madsen, J., Sallis, J.F., Rupp, J.W., Senn, K.L., Patterson, T.L., Atkins, C.J., and Nader, P.R. (1993). Process variables as predictors of risk factor changes in a family health behavior change program. Health Education Research, 8, 193-204. Winner of the Douglas S. Leathar Award from the Journal.  
       
    Nader, P.R., Sallis, J.F., Broyles, S.L., McKenzie, T.L., Berry, C.C., Davis, T.B., Zive, M.M., Elder, J.P., and Frank-Spohrer, G.C. (1995). Ethnic and gender trends for cardiovascular risk behaviors in Anglo and Mexican American children, ages four to seven. Journal of Health Education, 26, S27-S35.  
     
  San Diego Health and Exercise Project  
    Spry, V.M., Hovell, M.F., Sallis, J.F., Hofstetter, C.R., Elder, J.P., and Molgaard, C.A. (1989). Recruiting survey respondents to mailed surveys: Controlled trials of incentives and prompts. American Journal of Epidemiology, 130, 166-172.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Hovell, M.F., Hofstetter, C.R., Faucher, P., Elder, J.P., Blanchard, J., Caspersen, C.J., Powell, K.E., and Christenson, G.M. (1989). A multivariate study of determinants of vigorous exercise in a community sample. Preventive Medicine, 18, 20-34.  
       
    Hovell, M.F., Sallis, J.F., Hofstetter, C.R., Spry, V.M., Elder, J.P., Faucher, P. and Caspersen, C.J. (1989). Identifying correlates of walking for exercise: An epidemiologic prerequisite for physical activity promotion. Preventive Medicine, 18, 856-866.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Hovell, M.F., Hofstetter, C.R., Elder, J.P., Caspersen, C.J., Hackley, M., and Powell, K.E. (1990). Distance between homes and exercise facilities related to the frequency of exercise among San Diego residents. Public Health Reports, 105, 179-185. Reprinted in R. J. Shephard, Ed., (1990). Year Book of Sports Medicine. Chicago: Mosby-Year Book.  
       
    Hofstetter, C.R., Sallis, J.F., and Hovell, M.F. (1990). Some health dimensions of self-efficacy: Analysis of theoretical specificity. Social Science and Medicine, 31, 1051-1056.  
       
    Hofstetter, C.R., Hovell, M.F., and Sallis, J.F. (1990). Social learning correlates of exercise self-efficacy: Early experiences with physical activity.Social Science and Medicine, 31, 1169-1176.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Hovell, M.F., Hofstetter, C.R., Elder, J.P., Faucher, P., Spry, V.M., Barrington, E., and Hackley, M.(1990). Lifetime history of relapse from exercise. Addictive Behaviors, 15, 573-579.  
       
    Hovell, M.F., Barrington, E., Hofstetter, R., Sallis, J., Rauh, M., and Black, D.R. (1990). Correlates of physical activity in overweight and not overweight persons: An assessment. Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 90, 1260.  
       
    Hofstetter, C.R., Hovell, M.F., Macera, C., Sallis, J.F., Spry, V., Barrington, E., and Callender, C. (1991). Illness, injury, and correlates of aerobic exercise and walking: A community study. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 62, 1-9.  
       
    Hovell, M., Sallis, J., Hofstetter, R., Barrington, E., Hackley, M., Elder, J., Castro, F., and Kilbourne, K. (1991). Identification of correlates of physical activity among Latino adults: An exploratory analysis. Journal of Community Health 62, 23-36.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Hovell, M.F., Hofstetter, C.R., and Barrington, E. (1992). Explanation of vigorous physical activity during two years using social learning variables. Social Science and Medicine, 34, 25-32.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Hovell, M.F., and Hofstetter, C.R. (1992). Predictors of adoption and maintenance of vigorous physical activity in men and women. Preventive Medicine, 21, 237-251.  
       
    Hovell, M.F., Hofstetter, C.R., Sallis, J.F., Rauh, M.J.D., and Barrington, E. (1992). Correlates of change in walking for exercise: An exploratory analysis. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 63, 425-434.  
       
    Rauh, M.J.D., Hovell, M.F., Hofstetter, C.R., Sallis, J.F., and Gleghorn, A. (1992). The reliability and validity of self-reported physical activity in an adult Latino sample. International Journal of Epidemiology, 21, 966-971.  
       
    Armstrong, C.A., Sallis, J.F., Hovell, M.F., and Hofstetter, C.R. (1993). Stages of change, self-efficacy, and the adoption of vigorous exercise: A prospective analysis. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 15, 390-402.  
       
    Zakarian, J.M., Hovell, M.F., Hofstetter, C.R., Sallis, J.F., and Keating, K.J. (1994). Correlates of vigorous exercise in a predominantly low SES and minority high school population. Preventive Medicine, 23, 314-321.  
       
    Hofstetter, C.R., Hovell, M.F., Sallis, J.F., Zakarian, J., Beirich, H., Mulvihill, M., Keating, K., and Emerson, J. (1995). Exposure to sports mass media and physical activity characteristics among ethnically diverse adolescents. Medicine, Exercise, Nutrition, and Health, 4, 234-242.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Zakarian, J.M., Hovell, M.F., and Hofstetter, C.R. (1996). Ethnic, socioeconomic, and sex differences in physical activity among adolescents. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 49, 125-134.  
     
  School and Community Physical Activity Studies supported by The California Endowment  
    Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., McKenzie, T.L., Kerr, J., Arredondo, E.M., Madanat, H., Mignano, A.M., Cain, K.L., Elder, J.P., and Saelens, B.E. (2013). Elementary school practices and children's objectively measured physical activity during school. Preventive Medicine, 57(5), 591-595. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.08.003.  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Mignano, A.M., Norman, G.J., McKenzie, T.L., Kerr, J., Arredondo, E.M., Madanat, H., Cain, K.L., Elder, J.P., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Socioeconomic disparities in elementary school practices and children's physical activity during school. American Journal of Health Promotion, 28(3 suppl.), S47-S53. DOI: 10.4278/ajhp.130430-QUAN-206  
       
    Engelberg, J.K., Carlson, J.A., Black, M.L., Ryan, S., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Ciclovia participation in San Diego, CA: The first CicloSDias. Preventive Medicine, 69 (suppl.), S66-S73.  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Engelberg, J.K., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Mignano A.M., Bonilla, E.A., Geremia, C., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Implementing classroom physical activity breaks: Associations with student physical activity and classroom behavior. Preventive Medicine, 81, 67-72.  
     
  SCAN: Studies of Children’s Activity and Nutrition  
    Sallis, J.F., Patterson, T.L., McKenzie, T.L., and Nader, P.R. (1988). Family variables and physical activity in preschool children. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 9, 57-61.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Patterson, T.L., McKenzie, T.L., Buono, M.J., Atkins, C.J., and Nader, P.R. (1989). Stability of systolic blood pressure reactivity to exercise in young children. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 10, 38-43.  
       
    Taras, H.L., Sallis, J.F., Patterson, T.L., Nader, P.R., and Nelson, J.A. (1989). Television's influence on children's diet and physical activity. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 10, 176-180.  
       
    Taras, H.L., Sallis, J.F., Nader, P.R., and Nelson, J. (1990). Children's television-viewing habits and the family environment. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 144, 357-359.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Nader, P.R., Patterson, T.L., Elder, J.P., Berry, C.C., Rupp, J.W., Atkins, C.J., Buono, M.J., and Nelson, J.A. (1991). BEACHES: An observational system for assessing children's eating and physical activity behaviors and associated events. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 24, 141-151.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Broyles, S.L., Nader, P.R., Buono, M.J., Patterson, T.L., and Nelson, J.A. (1991). Blood pressure reactivity to exercise: Stability, determinants, family aggregation, and prediction. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 12, 162-170.  
       
    Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Nader, P.R. (1991). The development of scales to measure knowledge and preference for diet and physical activity behavior in 4- to 8-year-old children. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 12, 185-190.  
       
    Taras, H.L., and Sallis, J.F. (1992). Blood pressure reactivity in young children: Comparing three stressors. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 13, 41-45.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Nader, P.R., Broyles, S.L., and Nelson, J.A. (1992). Anglo- and Mexican-American preschoolers at home and at recess: Activity patterns and environmental influences. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 13, 173-180.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Nader, P.R., Broyles, S.L., Berry, C.C., Elder, J.P., McKenzie, T.L., and Nelson, J.A. (1993). Correlates of physical activity at home in Mexican-American and Anglo-American preschool children. Health Psychology, 12, 390-398.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Broyles, S.L., Frank-Spohrer, G., Berry, C.C., Davis, T.B., and Nader, P.R. (1995). Child's home environment in relation to the mother's adiposity. International Journal of Obesity, 19, 190-197.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Berry, C.C., Broyles, S.L., McKenzie, T.L., and Nader, P.R. (1995). Variability and tracking of physical activity over two years in young children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 27, 1042-1049.  
       
    Broyles, S.L., Nader, P.R., Sallis, J.F., Frank-Spohrer, G.C., Berry, C.C., McKenzie, T.L. and Elder, J.P. (1996). Cardiovascular disease risk factors in Anglo and Mexican American children and their mothers. Family and Community Health, 19, 57-72. Reprinted in J.G. Sebastian and A. Bushy (Eds.) (1999). Special populations in the community: Advances in reducing health disparities. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen, 89-104.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Elder, J.P., Broyles, S.L., and Nader, P.R. (1997). Factors parents use in selecting playspaces for young children. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 151, 414-417.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Elder, J.P., Berry, C.C., Hoy, P.L., Nader, P.R., Zive, M.M., and Broyles, S.L. (1997). Physical activity level and prompts in young children at recess: A two-year study of a bi-ethnic sample. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 195-202.  
       
    Elder, J.P., Broyles, S.L., McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Berry, C.C., Davis, T.B., Hoy, P.L., and Nader, P.R. (1998). Direct home observations of the prompting of physical activity in sedentary and active Mexican- and Anglo-American children. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 19, 26-30.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Elder, J.P., Hoy, P.L., Galati, T., Berry, C.C., Zive, M.M., and Nader, P.R. (1998). Sex and ethnic differences in children’s physical activity: Discrepancies between self-report and objective measures. Pediatric Exercise Science, 10, 277-284.  
       
    Zive, M.M., Frank-Spohrer, G.C., Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Elder, J.P., Berry, C.C., Broyles, S.L., and Nader, P.R. (1998). Determinants of dietary intake in a sample of white and Mexican-American children. Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 98, 1282-1289.  
       
    Elder, J., Sallis, J.F., Zive, M.M., Hoy, P., McKenzie, T.L., Nader, P.R., and Berry, C.C. (1999). Factors affecting selection of restaurants by Anglo- and Mexican-American families. Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 99, 856-858.  
       
    Broyles, S.L., Sallis, J.F., Zive, M.M., Elder, J.P., Berry, C.C., McKenzie, T.L., Hoy, P.L., and Nader, P.R. (1999). Correlations among physical activity and eating behaviors in 4- to 7-year-old Anglo- and Mexican-American children. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 20, 405-410.  
       
    Masui, R., Sallis, J.F., Berry, C.C., Broyles, S.L., Elder, J.P., Nader, P.R., and Zive, M.M.  (2002). The relationship between health beliefs and behaviors and dietary intake in early adolescence.  Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 102, 421-424.  
       
    Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Nader, P.R., Broyles, S.L., Berry, C.C., and Taras, H.L. (2002). Home environmental influences on children’s television watching from early to middle childhood. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 23, 127-132.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Broyles, S.L., Zive, M.M., Nader, P.R., Berry, C.C., and Brennan, J.J. (2002). Childhood movement skills: Predictors of physical activity in Anglo- and Mexican-American adolescents? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 238-244.  
       
    Morgan, C.F., McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Broyles, S.L., Zive, M.M., and Nader, P.R. (2003). Personal, social, and environmental correlates of physical activity in a bi-ethnic sample of adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science, 288, 288-301.  
       
    Iannotti, R.J., Sallis, J.F., Chen, R., Broyles, S.L., Elder, J.P., and Nader, P.R. (2005). Prospective analyses of relationships between mothers’ and children’s physical activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2, 16-34.  
     
  S-NQLS: Neighborhood Quality of Life Study for Seniors  
    Shigematsu, R., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Cain, K., Chapman, J.E., and King, A.C.  (2009). Age differences in the relation of perceived neighborhood environment to walking.  Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41, 314-321.    
       
    Buman, M.P., Hekler, E.B., Haskell, W.L., Pruitt, L., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., and King, A.C.  (2010). Objective light-intensity physical activity associations with rated health in older adults.  American Journal of Epidemiology, 172, 1155-1165.  
       
    Kerr, J., Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Rosenberg, D., Leak, C.R., Saelens, B.E., Chapman, J.E., Frank, L.D., and King, A.C.  (2011). Assessing health-related resources in senior living residences.  Journal of Aging Studies, 25, 206-214.  In special issue, “Age and the Cultivation of Place.”  doi:10.1016/j.jaging.2011.03.004  
       
    King, A.C., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Cain, K., Conway, T.L., Chapman, J.E., Ahn, D.K., and Kerr, J.  (2011). Aging in neighborhoods differing in walkability and income: Associations with physical activity and obesity in older adults.  Social Science and Medicine, 73(10), 1525-1533.  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Kerr, J., Cain, K., and King, A.C.  (2012).  Interactions between psychosocial and built environment factors in explaining older adults' physical activity.  Preventive Medicine, 54(1), 68-73.   doi: 10/1016/j.ypmed.2011.10.004  
       
    Adams, M.A., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Cain, K.L., and King, A.C. (2012). Neighborhood environment profiles for physical activity among older adults. American Journal of Health Behavior, 36(6), 757-769. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.36.6.4  
       
    Hekler, E.B., Buman, M.P., Haskell, W.L., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Kerr, J., and King, A.C.  (2012).  Validity of CHAMPS sedentary to vigorous physical activity in older adults.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9, 225-236.   
       
    Kerr, J., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Cain, K., Conway, T.L., Frank, L.D., and King, A.C. (2012).  Outdoor physical activity and self-rated health in older adults living in two regions of the U.S.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9:89. Available online July 30, 2012. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-9-89. PMCID:  PMC3464785  
       
    Bracy, N.L., Millstein, R.A., Carlson, J.A., Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Cain, K.L., Frank, L.D., and King, A.C. (2014). Is the relationship between the built environment and physical activity moderated by perceptions of crime and safety? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical  Activity, 11:24. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-11-24.  
       
    Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Conway, T.L., Cain, K., Hovell, M.F., Hofstetter, C.R., and King, A.C. (2014). Neighborhood environment and physical activity among older adults: Do the relationships differ by driving status? Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 22, 421-431.  
       
    Cain, K.L., Millstein, R.A., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Gavand, K., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Geremia, C.M., Chapman, J., Adams, M.A., Glanz, K., and King, A.C. (2014). Contribution of streetscape audits to explanation of physical activity in four age groups based on the microscale audit of pedestrian streetscapes (MAPS). Social Science and Medicine, 116, 82-92. Available online 24 June 2014, ISSN 0277-9536.  
       
    Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., and Sallis, J.F. (2014).  Interacting psychosocial and environmental correlates of leisure-time physical activity: A three-country study. Health Psychology, 33(7), 699-709. Online First Publication, November 18, 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0033516  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Gavand, K., Millstein, R.A., Geremia, C.M., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., and King, A.C. (2015). Is your neighborhood designed to support physical activity? A brief streetscape audit tool. Preventing Chronic Disease, 12:150098. Posted online September 3, 2015.  
   
 
    Thornton, C.M., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Geremia, C.M., Glanz, K., King, A.C., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Disparities in pedestrian streetscape environments by income and race/ethnicity. SSM-Population Health, 2, 206-216.  Open access:   Published online May 2016. Link to research brief:              
       
    White, M.N., King, A.C., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., and Kerr, J. (2016). Caregiving, transport-related, and demographic correlates of sedentary behavior in older adults: The Senior Neighborhood Quality of Life Study (SNQLS). Journal of Aging and Health, 28(5), 812-833. DOI: 10.1177/0898264315611668  
       
    Thornton, C.M., Kerr, J., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Ahn, D.K., Frank, L.D., Cain, K., and King, A.C. (2017). Physical activity in older adults: An ecological approach. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 51(2), 159-169. Online first October 14, 2016.  DOI: 10.1007/s12160-016-9837-1.  
     
  SPARK: Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids  
    Sallis, J.F., and McKenzie, T.L. (1991). Physical education's role in public health. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 62, 124-137. (Lead article for a series that were invited to comment on this paper). Reprinted in AAHPERD's Speaking of Fitness anthology, 1996.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., and Nader, P.R. (1991). SOFIT: System for observing fitness instruction time. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 11, 195-205.  
       
    Faucette, N., McKenzie, T.L., and Sallis, J.F. (1992). Self-contained versus team teaching: An analysis of a physical education intervention by classroom teachers. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 11, 268-287.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Alcaraz, J.E., McKenzie, T.L., Hovell, M.F., Kolody, B., and Nader, P.R. (1992). Parent behavior in relation to physical activity and fitness in 9-year-olds. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 146, 1383-1388.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Condon, S.A., Goggin, K.J., Roby, J.J., Kolody, B., and Alcaraz, J.E. (1993). The development of self-administered physical activity surveys for 4th grade students. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 64, 25-31.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Faucette, F.N., Sallis, J.F., Roby, J.J., and Kolody, B. (1993). Effects of a curriculum and inservice program on the quantity and quality of elementary physical education classes. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 64, 178-187.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., and Alcaraz, J.E. (1993). Habitual physical activity and health-related physical fitness in fourth grade children. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 147, 890-896.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Alcaraz, J.E., Kolody, B., Hovell, M.F., and Nader, P.R. (1993). Project SPARK: Effects of physical activity on adiposity in children. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 699, 127-136.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Alcaraz, J.E., and Sallis, J.F. (1994). Assessing children's liking for activity units in an elementary school physical education curriculum. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 13, 206-215.  
       
    Kolody, B., and Sallis, J.F. (1995). A prospective study of ponderosity, body image, self-concept, and psychological variables in children. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 16, 1-5. Abstracted in Capsules and Comments in Pediatric Nursing , June 1995.  
       
    Faucette, N., Sallis, J., McKenzie, T., Alcaraz, J., Kolody, B., and Nugent, P. (1995). Comparison of fourth grade students' out-of-school physical activity levels and choices by gender: Project SPARK. Journal of Health Education, 26, S82-S90.  
       
    Hovell, M.F., Kolody, B., Sallis, J.F., and Black, D.R. (1996). Parent support, physical activity, and correlates of adiposity in nine year olds: An exploratory study. Journal of Health Education, 27, 126-129.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Kolody, B., and Curtis, P. (1996). Assessing district administrators' perceptions of elementary school physical education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 67(8), 25-29.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Alcaraz, J.E., Kolody, B., Faucette, N., and Hovell, M.F. (1997). The effects of a 2-year physical education program (SPARK) on physical activity and fitness in elementary school students. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 1328-1334.  
       
    Sarkin, J.A., McKenzie, T.L., and Sallis, J.F. (1997). Gender differences in physical activity during fifth-grade physical education and recess periods. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 17, 99-106. Abstracted in Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 1999, 70 (8), 13.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Kolody, B., and Faucette, F.N. (1997). Long-term effects of a physical education curriculum and staff development program: SPARK. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 280-291.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Alcaraz, J.E., Sallis, J.F., and Faucette, F.N. (1998). Effects of a physical education program on children’s manipulative skills. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 17, 327-341.  
       
    Marshall, S.J., Sarkin, J.A., Sallis, J.F., and McKenzie, T.L. (1998). Tracking of health-related fitness components in youth ages 9 to 12.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30, 910-916.  
       
    Armstrong, C.A., Sallis, J.F., Alcaraz, J.E., Kolody, B., McKenzie, T.L., and Hovell, M.F. (1998). Children’s television viewing, body fat, and physical fitness. American Journal of Health Promotion, 12, 363-368.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Alcaraz, J.E., McKenzie, T.L., and Hovell, M.F. (1999). Predictors of change in children’s physical activity over 20 months: Variations by gender and level of adiposity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 16, 222-229.  
       
    Hovell, M.F., Sallis, J.F., Kolody, B., and McKenzie, T.L. (1999). Children’s physical activity choices: A developmental analysis of gender, intensity levels, and time. Pediatric Exercise Science, 11, 158-168.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Kolody, B., Lewis, M., Marshall, S., and Rosengard, P. (1999). Effects of health-related physical education on academic achievement: Project SPARK. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 70, 127-136. Abstracted in "The Research File" newsletter of the Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute. December 1999.  
       
    McKenzie, T. L., LaMaster, K. J., Sallis, J. F., Marshall, S. J. (1999). Classroom teachers' leisure physical activity and their conduct of physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 19, 126-132.  
       
    Marcoux, M.F., Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S., Armstrong, C.A., and Goggin, K.J. (1999). Process evaluation of a physical activity self-management program for children: SPARK. Psychology and Health, 14, 659-677.  
       
    Butcher, J., Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., and Alcaraz, J.E. (2001). Longitudinal study of children's participation in organized sport and instructional programs. Avante, 7, 86-96.  
       
    Faucette, N., Nugent, P., Sallis, J.F., and McKenzie, T.L.  (2002).  “I’d rather chew on aluminum foil.” Overcoming classroom teachers’ resistance to teaching physical education.  Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 21, 287-308.  
       
    Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., Slymen, D.J., and McKenzie, T.L. (2003). A longitudinal study of children’s enjoyment of physical education. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15, 170-178.  
       
    Dowda, M., Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Rosengard, P., and Kohl, H.W. (2005). Evaluating the sustainability of SPARK physical education: A case study of translating research into practice. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76, 11-19.  
       
    Owen, N, Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., and Kelder, S.H. (2006). Evidence-based approaches to dissemination and diffusion of physical activity interventions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 31 (4S), S35-S44.  
       
    Rosenberg, D.E., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., and McKenzie, T.L. (2006). Active transportation to school over 2 years in relation to weight status and physical activity. Obesity Research, 14, 1771-1776.  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., and Rosengard, P. (2009). Beyond the stucco tower: Design, development, and dissemination of the SPARK physical education programs. Quest, 61, 1-15. (invited)  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Beets, M.W., Beighle, A., Erwin, H., and Lee, S.  (2012).  Physical education's role in public health: Steps forward and backward over 20 years and HOPE for the future.  Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(2), 125-135. link  
       
    McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Rosengard, P.R., and Ballard, K (2016). The SPARK Programs: A public health model of physical education research and dissemination. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 35(4), 381-389.  
     
  TAAG: Trial of Activity in Adolescent Girls  
    McMurray, R.G., Ring, K.B., Treuth, M.S., Welk, G.J., Pate, R.R., Schmitz, K.H., Pickrel, J.L., Gonzalez, M., Almeida, M.J.C.A., Young, D.R., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Comparison of two approaches to structured physical activity surveys for adolescents. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36, 2135-2143.  
       
    Dishman, R.K., Motl, R.W., Sallis, J.F., Dunn, A.L., Birnbaum, A.S., Welk, G.J., Bedimo-Rung, A.L., Voorhees, C.C., and Jobe, J.B. (2005). Self-management strategies mediate self-efficacy and physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 29, 10-18.  
       
    Evenson, K.R., Birnbaum, A.S., Bedimo-Rung, A.L., Sallis, J.F., Voorhees, C.C., Ring, K., and Elder, J.P. (2006). Girls’ perception of physical environmental factors and transportation: Reliability and association with physical activity and active transport to school. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 3:28. Posted September 14, 2006.  
       
    Elder, J.P., Lytle, L., Sallis, J.F., Rohm Young, D., Steckler, A., Simons-Morton, D., Stone, E., Jobe, J.B., Stevens, J., Lohman, T., Webber, L., Pate, R., Saksvig, B.I., and Ribisl, K. (2007). A description of the social-ecological framework used in the Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls (TAAG). Health Education Research, 22, 155-165.  
       
    Pate, R.R., Sallis, J.F., Ward, D.S., Stevens, J., Dowda, M., Welk, G.J., Young, D.R., Jobe, J.B., and Strikmiller, P.K.  (2011). Age-related changes in types and contexts of physical activity in middle school girls.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 39, 433-439.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Beets, M.W., Beighle, A., Erwin, H., and Lee, S.  (2012).  Physical education's role in public health: Steps forward and backward over 20 years and HOPE for the future.  Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(2), 125-135.  
     
       
  TEAN: Teen Environment and Neighborhood Study  
    Cain, K.L., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Van Dyck, D., and Calhoon, L. (2013).  Using accelerometers in youth physical activity studies: A review of methods.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 437-450.  Published online in 2011.  
       
    Millstein, R.A., Cain, K.L., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Geremia, C., Frank, L.D., Chapman, J., Van Dyck, D., Dipzinski, L., Kerr, J., Glanz, K., and Saelens, B.E. (2013). Development, scoring, and reliability of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS). BMC Public Health, 13:403. Published online April 27, 2013. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-403. PMCID:  PMC3728214     
       
    Cain, K.L., Millstein, R.A., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Gavand, K., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Geremia, C.M., Chapman, J., Adams, M.A., Glanz, K., and King, A.C. (2014). Contribution of streetscape audits to explanation of physical activity in four age groups based on the microscale audit of pedestrian streetscapes (MAPS). Social Science and Medicine, 116, 82-92. Available online 24 June 2014, ISSN 0277-9536.  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Conway, T.L., Cain, K., Frank, L.D., and Saelens, B.E. (2014). Built environment characteristics and parent active transportation are associated with active travel to school in youth age 12-15. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48, 1634-1639.  
       
    Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Conway, T.L., Peck, E., Bracy, N.L., Bonilla, E., Rincon, P., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Physical activity in youth dance classes. Pediatrics, 135(6), 1066-1073. Online first, posted May 18, 2015.  
       
    Carlson, J.A., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Schipperijn, J., Conway, T.L., Frank, L.D., Chapman, J.E., Glanz, K., Cain, K., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Association between neighborhood walkability and GPS-measured walking, bicycling and vehicle time in adolescents. Health and Place, 32, 1-7. Published online January 9, 2015.  
       
    Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Gavand, K., Millstein, R.A., Geremia, C.M., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., and King, A.C. (2015). Is your neighborhood designed to support physical activity? A brief streetscape audit tool. Preventing Chronic Disease, 12:150098. Posted online September 3, 2015.  
       
    Lopez Castillo, M.A., Carlson, J.A., Cain, K., Bonilla, E.A., Chuang, E., Elder, J.P., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Dance class structure affects youth physical activity and sedentary behavior: A study of seven dance types. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 86(3), 225-232.  
       
    Engelberg, J.K., Carlson, J.A., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., Frank, L.D., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Dog walking among adolescents: Correlates and contribution to physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 82(1), 65-72.  
       
    Thornton, C.M., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Geremia, C.M., Glanz, K., King, A.C., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Disparities in pedestrian streetscape environments by income and race/ethnicity. SSM-Population Health, 2, 206-216.  Open access:   Published online May 2016. Link to research brief:              
       
    Engelberg, J.K., Conway, T.L., Geremia, C., Cain, K.L., Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., Frank, L.D., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Socioeconomic and race/ethnic disparities in observed park quality. BMC Public Health, 16:395.

Open access:  DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-3055-4. Link to research brief:

 
       
   

Esteban-Cornejo, I., Carlson, J.A., Conway, T.L., Cain, K., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Glanz, K., Roman, C.G., and Sallis, J. F. (2016). Parental and adolescent perceptions of neighborhood safety related to adolescents' physical activity in their neighborhood. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 87(2), 191-199. Published online March 31, 2016. doi: 10.1080/02701367.2016.1153779.    

 
       
    Wang, X., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Geremia, C., Kerr, J., Glanz, J., Carlson, J.A., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Interactions of psychosocial factors with built environments in explaining adolescents' active transportation. Preventive Medicine, 100, 76-83.